경제 이야기

    Peterkim 2020. 6. 1. 06:20


    트위터가 반-보수주의 편향으로 간 33건의 사례

    33 Examples Of Twitter's Anti-Conservative Bias
    By NewsBusters
    May 29, 2020 - 11:11:49 PM


    May 28th 2020

    도널드 트럼프 대통령이 소셜 미디어 회사가 보수파를 표적으로 삼았다고 말한 것이 옳습니다. 특히 트위터는 보수파를 검열함으로써 미국의 정치 과정에 대한 끊임없는 공격에 종사해 왔습니다.
    이제 그 회사는 대통령 선거를 향한 거의 5 개월 동안 대통령의 말을 사실 확인 fact-checking하는 단계로 확대되었습니다.


    President Donald Trump is right that social media companies have been targeting conservatives. Twitter, in particular, has been engaging in a relentless attack on the American political process by censoring conservatives.

    Now that has escalated to fact-checking the president nearly five months from a presidential election.

    미디어 리서치 센터 (Media Research Center)는 2018 년에 보고서를 발표했는데, 이 보고서에서 트위터가 우파를 검열하는 행위를 주도했음이 나타났다. 그런 관행은 변경되지 않았습니다. 프로젝트 베리타스 Veritas는 숨겨진 카메라 인터뷰를 통해 트위터에 그림자 금지 shadow banning절차를 알리는 방식으로 트위터에 관심을 보였습니다. 즉, 사용자가 올린 포스팅 글을 그 자신이 모르는 사이에 다른 사용자에게 공표되지 않고 잠겨서 숨겨짐을 의미합니다.

    한 엔지니어는 "America"및 "God"와 같은 단어를 검색하여 그게 포함된 사용자 계정이 기계적 입력이란 봇bots으로 표시되는 계략을 인정했습니다. 트위터의 규칙은 유태계 반 중상연맹 Anti-Defamation League과 남부 빈곤 법률 센터와 같은 자유주의 싱크탱크의 영향을 받았습니다. 그 이후로 트위터는 나빠졌습니다.

    여기 몇 가지 예가 있습니다 :

    트위터가 트럼프 대통령을 공격한 사례들 :


    The Media Research Center released a report in 2018, which found that Twitter led in censoring the right. That hasn't changed. Project Veritas caught Twitter with hidden camera interviews admitting the process of shadow banning - which means content is hidden from users without the poster ever knowing it. One engineer admitted that accounts were flagged as bots simply by searching for words such as "America" and "God." Twitter's rules have been influenced by liberal think tanks like the Anti-Defamation League and the Southern Poverty Law Center. Since then, Twitter has gotten worse.

    Here are some examples:

    What Twitter Has Done to Trump:


    1. 트럼프의 트윗을 팩트체킹하기 Fact-checking Trump's tweets


    우편 투표에 대해 언급한 대통령의 트윗은 트위터에 의해 "확실하지 않은 주장"으로 분류되었다. 트럼프가 "우편투표 용지가 사기보다 못한게 될 수없다. 그래서 절대 안된다 (ZERO!)" 라고 트윗할 때 소셜 미디어 플랫폼이 밝은 파란색 문장을 트윗 하단에 추가했습니다. 링크는 "우편 투표에 관한 사실을 알 수 있습니다." 이 레이블은 트위터 이벤트 페이지로 이어졌다. 거기엔 이렇게 안내하고 있었다;

    "트럼프는 우편 투표가 유권자 사기로 이어질 것이라는 확실치않은 주장을 하고있다."

    트위터의 성명서는 "CNN, 워싱턴 포스트 등의 주장에 따르면 트럼프의 주장은 확실하지 않다. 전문가들은 우편 투표지가 유권자 사기와 관련이 거의 없다," 고 지적했다고 쓰여졌다.
    론나 맥다니엘 (Ronna McDaniel) 공화당 의원은 "@realDonaldTrump의 가짜 ``사실 점검 ''에서 공화당에 대한 그의 증오를 드러내고 있는 ‘사이트 무결성의 머리’에 이르기까지 트위터의 야만적인 편견은 너무 멀리 나아갔다고 비판했다. 그녀는 New York Times 기사의 제목에 "부재자 투표 상승으로 인한 오류 및 사기"라는 제목을 붙였습니다.


    A tweet from the president that discussed mail-in ballots was labeled as an "unsubstantiated claim" by Twitter. When Trump tweeted, "There is NO WAY (ZERO!) that Mail-In Ballots will be anything less than substantially fraudulent," a bright blue sentence was added by the social media platform at the bottom of the tweet. The link said, "Get the facts about mail-in ballots." The label led to a Twitter Events page, which said, "Trump makes unsubstantiated claim that mail-in ballots will lead to voter fraud."

    The statement continued, "These claims are unsubstantiated, according to CNN, Washington Post and others. Experts say mail-in ballots are very rarely linked to voter fraud."

    "From their bogus ‘fact check' of @realDonaldTrump to their ‘head of site integrity' displaying his clear hatred towards Republicans, Twitter's blatant bias has gone too far," tweeted Republican National Committee Chair Ronna McDaniel. She linked to The New York Times article headlined "Error and Fraud at Issue as Absentee Voting Rises."


    2. 프로 라이프, 친 생명-낙태반대 팀 트럼프 비디오 검열 Censorship of pro-Life Team Trump videos

    트위터의 경고 및 전면 광고 또는 제외행위는 시청자가 부적절한 동영상을 무의식적으로 보는 것을 방지하는데 사용되었습니다. 3 월 생명을 위한 연설에서 트럼프는, 그의 생명보호 캠페인 비디오는 트위터에 의해 잘못된 라벨/ 제한이 가해진 것으로 보입니다. 트위터 측이 오류를 인정한 직후 그 비디오에 대한 딱지가 제거되었습니다.


    2. Censorship of pro-Life Team Trump videos

    Twitter's warning and interstitial, or filter, used to keep viewers from unknowingly seeing inappropriate videos was applied to a Trump campaign pro-life promo. Following Trump's speech at the March for Life, his pro-life campaign video appeared to have been given an erroneous label/restriction by Twitter. The label was removed soon after Twitter admitted the error.


    3. 민주당 정책에 대한 시행 금지
    트럼프에 대한 편견이 너무 심해져서 힐과 워싱턴 포스트조차도 그것을 지적하고 있습니다. 힐의 조나단 이슬리 (Jonathan Easly)는 3월 16일자 기사에서 트럼프의 대선 켐페인은 트위터에 의해서 기만적으로 편집당했다," 라고 비판했다. 마이크 블룸버그의 전 고위 자문 팀오바리이언이 공유한 의문의 동영상  video in question 은 트럼프의 말이 쪼개진 조각 녹음으로 올랐다고 지적했고, 그게 문맥을 지워버렸으며, "미국의 코로나 바이러스 확진자"를 보여주는 상승 그래프로 설정했습니다. 조바이든 Joe Biden 전 부통령은 비슷한 언어의 비디오를 트윗했는데, 이것은 유명한 트럼프 대통령이 결코 코로나바이러스가 사기라고 말하지 않았다고 부인한 사건에 관한 은폐 책략입니다. 워싱턴 포스트지의 동영상 편집자 메그 켈리는 트위터의 편집이 트럼프의 말을 확실하지 않게 인용했는데, 편집행위에 의해 대통령이 말한 사람이 누군지, 무엇인지 불분명하게 되었다고 지적했다.


    3.No enforcement of policy for Democrats

    The bias against Trump has become so egregious that even The Hill and The Washington Post are calling it out. "According to emails reviewed by The Hill, the Trump campaign flagged new content on Twitter that it said had been deceptively edited," The Hill's Jonathan Easly wrote March 16. One video in question was shared by Mike Bloomberg's former senior adviser Tim O'Brien and featured audio clips of Trump's words spliced together and taken out of context, set to a rising graph showing "Confirmed Coronavirus Cases in US." Former Vice President Joe Biden tweeted a video with similar language.

    Even The Post's video editor for The Fact Checker Meg Kelly wrote that Trump "never says that the virus itself is a hoax, and although the Biden camp included the word 'their,' the edit does not make clear to whom or what Trump is referring."


    4. 트럼프의 간단한 사진을 "민감한 내용"이라고 표시를 붙이다


    4.Labeling simple photos of Trump as "sensitive content"

    NASCAR star Hailie Deegan posed for a picture with President Trump and First Lady Melania Trump at the Daytona 500 on Feb. 16. After she posted it to Twitter, some of her followers noted that the photo was covered by Twitter's "sensitive content" filter. Memer and influencer Carpe Donktum (known for his memes that have been retweeted by Trump) tweeted a screenshot of Deegan's post as it appeared on his feed.


    5. 트럼프의 트위터 계정 삭제


    5.Removing Trump's Twitter account

    President Trump's personal Twitter account had disappeared in 2017 and was nowhere to be found until it was restored 11 minutes later. The account reappeared without explanation until Twitter's official electoral and government relations account provided a bizarre explanation that it was "due to human error by a Twitter employee."

    How Twitter Has Treated Other Conservatives:


    6. 생명보호 선거 광고 금지


    6.Preventing a pro-life election ad

    Before Twitter banned all political ads, it blocked a campaign ad by Rep. Marsha Blackburn (R-TN) for addressing the "sale" of aborted baby parts in the name of research. While she was allowed to tweet the ad, Twitter prohibited her from paying to promote the ad to a larger audience.

    In the ad, Rep. Blackburn announced that she was running for U.S. Senate. To appeal to her conservative constituents, she cited her work fighting abortion.


    7. 상원의원 미치 맥코넬 Mitch McConnell의 캠페인 비디오를 중지시키다


    7.Senator Mitch McConnell's campaign video

    It should come as no surprise that the official campaign Twitter account for Sen. Mitch McConnell (R-KY) was suspended for sharing a video of the violent threats being made against the senator. Multiple people on Twitter were also suspended for sharing that video, including the Daily Wire's Ryan Saavedra. Twitter eventually overturned this decision but only after numerous complaints.


    8.캔더스 오웬스 Candace Owens 기사를 검열하고 중지시키다


    8.Candace Owens censored

    Conservative commentator Candace Owens had her Twitter account suspended for encouraging Americans to defy stay-at-home rules. A Twitter spokesperson said that Owens's tweet response to Democrat Michigan Gov. Gretchen Whitmer's stay-at-home policies encouraging the citizens of Michigan to "stand up" against Whitmer "violated the platform's COVID-19 misinformation policy, ‘specifically around heightened-risk health claims,'" reported The Hill. Owens's tweet encouraged Michiganders to "Open your businesses" and "[g]o to work."


    9. 트럼프 변호사 루디줄리아니 트윗을 검열하다


    9.Trump's attorney censored

    Trump's attorney Rudy Guiliani's tweet said, "Hydroxychloroquine has been shown to have a 100% effective rate treating COVID-19. Yet Democrat [Michigan Governor] Gretchen Whitmer is threatening doctors who prescribe it. If Trump is for something- Democrats are against it. They're okay with people dying if it means opposing Trump." His tweet was in response to Whitmer, who challenged Trump in a press conference on March 26, 2020.


    10. 전환점 설립자 찰리커크 Charlie Kirk가 검열되고 중지되다


    10.Turning Point founder Charlie Kirk censored

    Turning Point founder Charlie Kirk tweeted a similar sentiment. He said, "Fact: Hydroxychloroquine has been shown to have a 100% effective rate treating COVID-19[.] Yet Democrat Gretchen Whitmer is threatening doctors who prescribe it[.] If Trump is for something-Democrats are against it[.] They're ok with people dying if it means opposing Trump[.] SICK!"

    A Twitter spokesperson confirmed that both Guiliani's and Kirk's accounts were temporarily locked for violations of the Twitter rules in reference to COVID-19.


    11. Fox News 호스트 로라 잉그러햄이 검열되어 트윗이 삭제되다


    11.Fox News host Laura Ingraham censored

    Fox News host Laura Ingraham (@IngrahamAngle) tweeted: "Lenox Hill in New York among many hospitals already using Hydroxychloroquine with very promising results. One patient was described as ‘Lazarus' who was seriously ill from Covid-19, already released." After the liberal media demanded the tweet's removal, a Twitter spokesperson explained that the tweet was removed due to a violation of its new policy regarding tweeting about COVID-19.


    12. 보수적 언론인 존 레빈이 검열되어 계정이 잠기다


    12.Conservative journalist censored

    New York Post journalist Jon Levine announced via tweet on the morning of March 8 that "Twitter locked me out of my account last night over some of the Carlos Maza reporting," before adding that the platform later took back the decision. "A rep for the company tells me that their action against me was ‘an error.'" But then Levine was suspended again almost immediately afterward, for the same tweets made about the former Vox reporter.


    13. 보수적 배우와 트럼프 지지자 검열

    13.Conservative actor and Trump supporter censored

    Actor James Woods, noted for his conservative Twitter account, was locked out of Twitter more than once. Most recently he was suspended for sharing a picture of former Democratic gubernatorial candidate Andrew Gillum. Woods had initially tweeted, "Just remember, this could have been Florida's governor in the midst of the #WuhanCoronaVirus pandemic. Make sure you vote #Republican in November like your life depends on it. Because it does. #Trump2020Landslide."


    14. 보수 사이트가 폐쇄됨

    14.Conservative sites locked out

    LifeSiteNews has been locked out of Twitter for "violating" its "rules" after tweeting an article about Jonathan "Jessica" Yaniv, a transgender activist who recently complained that gynecologists wouldn't see Yaniv as a patient, despite having male genitals.


    15. 또다른 사이트가 "플랫폼 조작" 위반 혐의로 금지되었습니다

    15.Another site banned for "platform manipulation" violations

    The ZeroHedge founder reportedly, under the pseudonym Tyler Durden, asked, "Is This The Man Behind The Global Coronavirus Pandemic?" and theorized about the coronavirus's true origins. ZeroHedge was then suspended from Twitter. Forbes claimed that a spokesperson from Twitter indicated that "ZeroHedge was removed for violating its platform manipulation policy, which the social media giant describes as ‘using Twitter to engage in bulk, aggressive or deceptive activity that misleads others and/or disrupts their experience.'" However, The Daily Mail cited a resurfaced research paper from the South China University of Technology, which may lend some credence to ZeroHedge's initial reporting.

    ZeroHedge founder "Durden" said that he was suspended from Twitter after Buzzfeed claimed that his blog had doxed a Chinese scientist whom Durden argues was a "public figure."


    16. 일관성있게 시행하는데 실패한 사례 - 알렉스존스, 인포워즈

    16.Failure to enforce consistently

    Citing instances that "violate our abusive behavior policy," Twitter Safety announced that "Today, we permanently suspended Alex Jones and InfoWars from Twitter and Periscope." Not only was it enough to take down those accounts, but also, Twitter threatened to "take action" on "other accounts potentially associated with Alex Jones or InfoWars" if those accounts were "utilized in an attempt to circumvent their ban."

    Meanwhile, comedian Kathy Griffin recently tweeted about assassinating the president, saying, "Syringe with nothing but air inside it would do the trick. F- TRUMP." Griffin also famously held up a bloody head that resembled Trump. She's still on the platform.


    17. 버니샌더스 Bernie Sanders의 비판이 "민감한 내용"이라고 검열당하다

    17. Criticism of Bernie Sanders is "sensitive content"

    A video posted by MRCTV, an arm of the Media Research Center, was censored as "sensitive content" by Twitter on Feb. 24. "You may recall way back in 1961 they invaded Cuba, and everybody was totally convinced that Castro was the worst guy in the world," said Democratic presidential candidate Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT), at the beginning of the video. The clip was from an interview in the 1980s where Sanders defended Castro. It was contrasted with a news clip from CBS that showed people in the streets celebrating after Fidel Castro died in 2016.


    18. 2015-2019년 사이에 113 명의 저명한 보수파 인사가 검열되다

    18. 113 prominent conservatives censored between 2015-2019

    Between 2015 and 2019, there have been at least 113 different cases of conservative, pro-Trump or anti-establishment figures on Twitter being punished for expressing their views, many of them well-known in their fields. Notable people have been suspended, banned, blocked from advertising, shadowbanned, and censored. While Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey testified in Congress in September that "Twitter does not use political ideology to make decisions," the evidence points in the opposite direction.

    How Twitter Defends the Left:


    19. 조바이든은 보호받고

    19. Protecting Joe Biden

    A meme, made to look like a fake ad from former Vice President Joe Biden's campaign, showed the candidate smiling with a beam of light coming from his chest. A statement that says, "His brain? No. His heart," sits to the left of the person. Trump's director of communications Tim Murtaugh allegedly tweeted the image, saying, "Is this fake? Can't trust Twitter, but this would seem to be the Biden campaign leaning in on the fact that ol' Joe has lost his fastball."

    Murtaugh's tweet was removed, said tech magazine The Verge. At least 20 other accounts were allegedly suspended or had tweets allegedly removed, including actress and congressional candidate Mindy Robinson.


    20. 자유주의적 가치는 계속 증진시키고

    20. Promoting liberal values

    Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey has been consistent in his left-wing political positions. "Dorsey, the billionaire CEO of Twitter and mobile-payment company Square, is giving $5 million to Humanity Forward" in order to "build the case for a universal basic income [UBI]," Rolling Stone reported.

    Dorsey appeared on the May 21 episode of former presidential candidate Andrew Yang's "Yang Speaks" podcast where he explained the idea of UBI is "long overdue" and that now "the only way we can change policy is by experimenting and showing case studies of why this works."


    21. 알렉산드리아 오카시오-코르테즈는 보호하기

    21. Protecting Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez

    An account that parodied Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-NY) was suspended on May 6. The user, named Alexandria Ocasio Cortez Press Release, was "permanently suspended" because it was too similar to the congressional representative's account. According to the Washington Examiner, the man running the account, Michael Morrison, received an email explaining his permanent suspension and ominously saying, "This account will not be reinstated." Dorsey has expressed his support for the young Democratic Socialist in Congress previously.


    22. Working with Planned Parenthood

    David Daleiden, the undercover journalist for the Center for Medical Progress, reported that the organization had 19 tweets blocked on Twitter, at the advice of Planned Parenthood. The tweets that were blocked reported on the public testimony of Planned Parenthood in court proceedings. Planned Parenthood's attorneys told Twitter that the Center was live-streaming the hearing. Twitter reinstated the tweets after the appeal explained that Planned Parenthood had falsely described the tweets as a "live-stream."


    23. Preventing discussion about transgender ideology

    Twitter made it a rule that "misgendering or deadnaming of transgender individuals" was prohibited on its platform in 2018. Several people, including journalist Meghan Murphy, were banned, suspended, or blocked from the platform for statements like "Women aren't men." Dr. Ray Blanchard, who helped write the official psychological position on transgender identity, was temporarily blocked on May 12 for voicing his professional beliefs.


    24. Protecting former Rep. Katie Hill

    The Daily Mail took a story that Red State's Jennifer Van Laar first broke about Rep. Katie Hill (D-CA) and ran it with a link in the story that led to graphic images of the politician with one of her staffers. Twitter then allegedly blocked the Daily Mail's story, claiming, according to the Daily Wire's Ryan Saavedra, that "this link may be unsafe."


    25. Protecting liberal journalists from "Learn to code"

    New York Post reporter Jon Levine alleged that some users were banned from Twitter for mocking recently laid-off journalists from liberal outlets Buzzfeed and HuffPost. Left-wing journalists once told working-class Americans to "learn to code" and adapt to a globalized economy. But now the shoe appears to be on the other foot, as some users tweeted the phrase "learn to code" at journalists who recently lost their jobs. The phrase was a response to journalists who told unemployed coal miners to switch their careers to tech, but journalists didn't like it when it was used back on them. Some users reported a Twitter claim that users were banned for tweeting this phrase at journalists under the terms of service rules against "targeted harassment," according to KnowYourMeme.

    What Twitter Has Failed to Enforce:


    26. Violence and doxxing from Antifa

    Smash Racism DC, a branch of Antifa, attacked Fox News host Tucker Carlson's house, reportedly threatened his wife, and doxed Carlson and his family on Twitter on November 8.

    Twitter did not listen to Fox News' call for the doxxing tweets to be removed immediately. While the original Twitter posts no longer exist, the National Review's Jack Crowe managed to document their contents. "Tucker Carlson has been spewing nonstop hate and lies about the migrant caravan. He also has close ties to white supremacists," one tweet said. "Activists protested tonight at Carlson's Washington DC area home. You can't hide from those you hurt, Tucker.#KnockKnockTucker"

    "Racist scumbag, leave town," another tweet exclaimed.


    27 . Calls for violence against children

    A fake news story falsely accused Covington Catholic High School students of harassing a Native American activist. It outraged the internet since the video was later shown to edit out much of the encounter. The story was later corrected by some outlets, but the damage had been done. Twitter did not take down many of the threats or calls for violence against the students.


    28. Chinese propaganda and misinformation

    Twitter restrictions based on its COVID-19 rules haven't been handled in a consistent manner. The Chinese Embassy in France uploaded an absurd, lego-based propaganda video on April 30. The Ambassade de Chine en France's video "Once Upon a Virus..." featured numerous demonstrably untrue myths, acting as if the Chinese communist government and World Health Organization ("WHO") have both been forthcoming about the nature of the COVID-19 pandemic.

    It wasn't fact-checked or removed.

    The video featured a back and forth dialogue between several lego figurines and gave a false chronology of what happened from month to month. A masked lego figurine representing the Chinese regime as a responsible leader amidst the coronavirus appeared to be the foil to the ignorant and irresponsible Statue of Liberty LEGO figurine that represented America. The Statue of Liberty figurine's flaming torch curiously resembled Trump's signature hairstyle.


    29. Terrorist recruiter's video

    A video, tweeted out by a pro-Palestine account, depicted a terrorist shooting up an Israeli shopping mall. The cartoon depicted a young man watching a security guard at an Israeli mall. The flag of Israel was perched atop the building. Disguised as a security guard, the young man sits on a bench across from the Israeli mall and waits. He then walks up, kills the security guard with his own club, and runs into the mall, shooting at shoppers. The video then ends with a focus on Arabic script, which in English translates to "The Intifada is continuing."


    30. Anti-Hong Kong protester propaganda

    Pinboard, the social bookmarking website run by developer Maciej Cegłowski, captured ads on Twitter from China Xinhua News which called for "a brake to be put on the blatant violence" in Hong Kong. The Twitter account for Pinboard noted "Xinhua, the agency buying these tweets, has literally referred to the Hong Kong protesters as ‘cockroaches.'"


    31. Noted anti-Semite Rev. Louis Farrakhan

    Noted anti-Semite Rev. Louis Farrakhan is still on Twitter and not fact-checked. Reclaim The Net observed that Farrakhan, the controversial leader of the Nation of Islam, was "temporarily kicked off of Twitter." He was also "temporarily restricted" from Twitter from Jan. 3 up until mid-January, when his account was completely booted. Shortly thereafter, however, his account was reinstated, and a Twitter spokesperson reportedly told Reclaim The Net that "The account was caught by our spam filter in error and has been reinstated."


    32. China's accusations against the U.S. go unchecked

    Twitter allegedly censored ZeroHedge for theorizing about the origin of the coronavirus, citing Twitter's Platform Manipulation policy, but since allowed what Buzzfeed called "Conspiracy Theories That The Coronavirus Didn't Originate In China" to remain online. Spokesperson & Deputy Director General, Information Department, Foreign Ministry of China Lijian Zhao tweeted a piece headlined "COVID-19: Further Evidence that the Virus Originated in the US" at 9:02 p.m. on March 12. Later that day he speculated, "It might be US army who brought the epidemic to Wuhan."

    Twitter's Investment in Leftist Ideology:


    33. Twitter partners with academics who called RNC speeches "hate"

    Twitter announced it was on a mission to rid its platform of "intolerance" and "incivility." However, Twitter conveniently chose to partner with "third parties" that were incredibly skewed to the left.

    That group included three openly liberal "experts." Dr. Patricia Rossini tweeted out from her account back in 2016: "summarizing tonight: hate hate hate WALL hate hate hate LGBTQ hate hate hate BAN IMMIGRATION hate hate hate LAW&ORDER #RNCinCLE." She also praised former Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton for an interview she did, saying "I'm stunned by this interview with @HillaryClinton and her very straightforward evaluation of Trump's presidency."