계시와주석비교(영어)

빛을발하라 2009. 4. 3. 16:05

14. The seven spirits of God (Rv 5:6)

 

Korean commentaries on Revelation

Author

Author’s opinion

Page #

Jae Joon Kim

The holy spirit, which is the spirit of the holy father and the spirit of the holy son

155

Eung Jo Kim

Symbolizing the completeness of the holy spirit

693

Yong Gi Cho

The seven eyes are the holy spirit

126

Soo Ahm Park            

Symbolizing the complete insight of the holy spirit

95

Sang Guen Lee

Symbolizing that the holy son and the holy spirit are in agreement

99

Won Tae Suk

Omniscience, omnipotence, and omnipresence of Jesus who resurrected

236

Yoon Sun Park

It means the complete work of the holy spirit, who is with the holy son

139


Non-Korean commentaries on Revelation

Author

Author’s opinion

Page #

Dake

"The seven horns and seven eyes symbolize the complete anointing of the Holy Spirit upon Christ in His redemptive work."

93

Johnson

"...probably a symbolic reference to the divine Holy Spirit who is sent forth by Christ into the world."

76

Biederwolf

"...the Holy Spirit in His sevenfold perfection belonging to and profluent from the incarnate Redeemer, just as the seven lamps represent this Spirit immanent in the Godhead."

563

Hendricksen

"This Lamb, namely, our Lord Jesus Christ, has seven horns, indicating His power and authority; and seven eyes, for He is filled with the Holy Spirit."

90

Lenski

"The seven horns symbolize God's power as being directed to the world of men (Matt. 28:18). The eyes symbolize sight, intelligence, wisdom, compare 4:6,8....Power and might, sight and revelation, as the two 'seven' indicate, extend into and over the whole earth."

200-201

Wolvrood

"Though this may be a reference to seven angels, the preferable view is that it is another reference to the sevenfold Spirit of God."

115

Ladd

"The Lamb also has seven eyes; this denotes his fullness of vision, his omniscience....The eyes of the exalted Christ are like a flame of fire (1:14) and the seven spirits blaze like torches before the throne of God (4:5). In this symbolic way, John pictures the relationship between Christ and the Holy Spirit. In the earlier vision the symbol of the Spirit--seven torches of fire (4:5)--stand before the throne, thus picturing the relationship of the Spirit to God the Father."

88

14. The correct testimony

Moses saw the things of heaven and created the seven golden lampstands in the tabernacle (Ex 25). Aaron tended the lamps (Lv 24:1-3). In Zec 4, the lampstand denotes the eyes of God that are sent to the world (range across the whole earth). Also, it is written that John the Baptist was a lamp that burned and shined light for a short time (Jn 5:35). Rv 3:1 states that Jesus has seven spirits and seven stars and the main reference states that Jesus has seven eyes, which are the seven spirits that are sent out into all the earth (Rv 5:6). These seven spirits are the seven spirits that are before the throne of God in Rv 4. The reason why these seven spirits are referred to as the seven spirits of God is because they belong to God and are the messengers who receive direct orders from God like the secret commissioner[1] during the Chosun dynasty or a secretary in today's world. This is why regarding these seven spirits it is written, "For who dares make light of small beginnings?" (Zec 4:10).

Jesus said, "The father and I are one," (Jn 10:30) and "But the one united with the Lord is one spirit with him," (1 Cor 6:17). Similarly, because the spirits belong to God, they are called the seven spirits of God. Therefore, the seven spirits of God are messengers sent across the whole earth.

This is the testimony of the one who saw and heard. Therefore, this testimony is true.


[1] secret commissioner [amhaeng osa (암행어사 : 暗行御史)]. During the Chosun Dynasty (July 1392 - August 1910), the king would secretly dispatch a commissioner to the province in order to inspect the government of that province and to investigate the concerns of the people residing there.

References:

Korean commentaries

Cho, Yong Gi. Commentary on Revelation. Korea: Youngsan Publishing, 1976.

Kim, Eung Jo. Commentary on the bible. Korea: Sung Chung Publishing, 1981.

Kim, Jae Joon. Revelation. Korea: Christian Literature Society of Korea, 1969.

Park, Soo Ahm. Revelation. Korea: Christian Literature Society of Korea, 1991.

Sang Keun Lee, Revelation. Korea: Sung Deung Publishing, 1968.

Won Tae Suk, Commentary on Revelation. Korea: Kyung Hayng Publishing, 1984.

Yoon Sun Park, Commentary on Revelation. Korea: Yungeumsa, 1964.

 

Non-Korean commentaries

Biederwolf, William E. The millennium bible. Grand Rapids, MI: Global Christian, 1924.

Dake, Finis. Revelation expounded. Lawrenceville, GA: Dake, 1948.

Hendriksen, William. More than conquerors: an interpretation of the book of Revelation.     Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books, 2008.

Johnson, Alan F. Revelation: bible study commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1983.

Ladd, G.E. A commentary on the Revelation of John. Grand Rapids, MI: William B.            Eerdmans, 1990.

Lenski, R.C.H., The interpretation of St. John’s Revelation. Minneapolis, MN: Augsburg Fortress, 2008.

Walvoord, John F. The revelation of Jesus Christ. Chicago, IL: Moody Press, 1966.

 

                                                                                            

Source: A Correct Understanding of the Bible and Shinchonji http://cafe.daum.net/scjschool

 


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