계시와주석비교(영어)

빛을발하라 2009. 4. 27. 16:08

13. The scroll sealed with seven seals (Rv 5:1)

 

Korean commentaries on Revelation

Author

Author’s opinion

Page #

Jae Joon Kim

Statesmanship of God that will take place in the future. The secrets of destiny, which are written on the inside and outside and that God's people will have to face

153

Eung Jo Kim

A secret document that has God's plan about the great tribulation, the millennium, and the eternal kingdom.  This is similar to God saying to Daniel to seal it until the time of the end.

700

Yong Gi Cho

The earth, which was given to man as a blessing from God, was handed over to the devil due to Adam's sin and through the secret of the seven seals. 

120-123

Soo Ahm Park            

Seven symbolizes completeness.  The seven seals are the top secrets that only God knows. 

92

Sang Guen Lee

Seven is a complete number and thus it means the completeness and secretiveness of God's revelation.

104

Won Tae Suk

Seven seals are revelations that have been written respectively and it means the process of revelation

226

Yoon Sun Park

Seven seals symbolize seven revelations that are concealed and these seven seals are fulfilled one by one after Rv 6

135

Non-Korean commentaries on Revelation

Author

Author’s opinion

Page #

Dake

No comments

 

Johnson

Different views regarding the scroll:  1.  "testament of God concerning the promise of the inheritance of his future kingdom"  2.  "future judgment of the world"  3.  "progressive unfolding of the history of the world"  4.  "It is the 'title-deed' to creation that was forfeited by sin in Genesis."

74

Biederwolf

scroll:  a record of "what must come to pass"

sealed with seven seals:  "Expressing the idea of both mystery and security"

561

Hendricksen

Symbolizes the plan of God which was not revealed and has not taken place

105

Lenski

Everything from chapter 6 to 22

161

Wolvoord

"...a book which contains the prophecy of impending events to be unfolded in the book of Revelation....The importance and comprehensive character of the revelation contained is indicated by the fact that the book is written on both sides of the parchment.  Further, the document is made impressive by seven seals, apparently fixed on the edges of the scroll in such a way that the seals must be successively broken if the scroll is to be unrolled and read."

113

Ladd

"The easiest identification of John's scroll is that it contains the prophecy of the end events, including both the salvation of God's people and the judgment of the wicked....Seven in John is the number of completeness.  The scroll is completely sealed and its contents hidden from every human eye."

81-82

13. The correct testimony

First of all, it should be noted that the OT prophecies, which were sealed (Is 29:9-14; Hb 2:2-3; Ez 1-3), were fulfilled by Jesus (Mt 15:24; 11:27). Similarly, the sealed book of the NT (Rv 5:1) is also a record of what will take place in the future.  However, John, who had gone all the way up to God's throne, wept bitterly because no one in heaven or on earth or under the earth was able to open the scroll or look into it (Rv 5:3-4). If fulfillment does not take place as recorded in this scroll, neither God nor humanity has hope.  The only person who could break the seals and open the scroll is Jesus, who overcame (Rv 5:5). Why is it that one could only open all the seals when one overcomes? It is because if one does not overcome the devil, the words of prophecies cannot be fulfilled due to the devil's interruption. The evidence that the content of the book is what will take place in the future is that whenever a seal is broken in Rv 6, the actual entities of the prophecies appear.  The reasons why Jesus, who overcame at the first coming (Jn 16:33), rode out to conquer as a conqueror (Rv 6:2) is because the promised pastor, who comes in the name of Jesus (who is a spirit), unites with Jesus and fights and wins against the pastors of the dragon (Rv 12).  As a result, prophecy is fulfilled.  Also, it is so that God's new kingdom would be established here on earth as it is in heaven (Mt 6:10; Rv7).  Therefore, Jesus, who overcame at the first coming, fights again at the second coming (Rv 6:2) to overcome Satan, who is the ruler of the kingdom of the air. 

 

Rv 2-3 are about the seven stars, who are the seven messengers and the seven golden lampstands, which are the seven churches. The events of chapter 6 begin when the seals of the book are opened. Just as apostle John saw things through a vision, at the time of fulfillment, there will be a promised pastor (Rv 10), who sees and hears at the actual site, receives Jesus' command, and testifies about the book Jesus opened and what is fulfilled through the book. Other than this promised pastor, there is no one who can testify about the contents of the sealed book of Revelation and its physical fulfillment. Therefore, people should not pretend that they know, but everyone should find the one who overcomes, the promised pastor, meet him, and obey in order to receive salvation.

 

This is the testimony of the one who saw and received the open book (Rv 1:2; Rv 10), and therefore, this testimony is true. 

 

References:

Korean commentaries

Cho, Yong Gi. Commentary on Revelation. Korea: Youngsan Publishing, 1976.

Kim, Eung Jo. Commentary on the bible. Korea: Sung Chung Publishing, 1981.

Kim, Jae Joon.  Revelation. Korea: Christian Literature Society of Korea, 1969.

Park, Soo Ahm. Revelation. Korea: Christian Literature Society of Korea, 1991.

Sang Keun Lee, Revelation. Korea: Sung Deung Publishing, 1968.

Won Tae Suk, Commentary on Revelation. Korea: Kyung Hayng Publishing, 1984.

Yoon Sun Park, Commentary on Revelation. Korea: Yungeumsa, 1964.

 

Non-Korean commentaries

Biederwolf, William E. The millennium bible. Grand Rapids, MI:  Global Christian Publishers, 1924.

Dake, F.J. Revelation expounded:  eternal mysteries simplified. Translated. Korea:           Sung Won Publishing, 1980.

Hendriksen, William. More than conquerors: an interpretation of the book of Revelation.     Translated. Korea: Agape Publishing, 1989.

Johnson, Alan F. Revelation:  bible study commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan      Publishing House, 1983.

Ladd, G.E. A commentary on the Revelation of John. Grand Rapids, MI: William B.           Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1990.

Lenski, R.C.H., The interpretation of St. John’s Revelation. Translated. Korea:       Baekhap Publishing, 1981.

Walvoord, John F. The revelation of Jesus Christ. Chicago, IL:  Moody Press, 1966.

 

                                                                                            

Source: A Correct Understanding of the Bible and Shinchonji http://cafe.daum.net/scjschool

 

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계시와주석비교(영어)

빛을발하라 2009. 4. 3. 16:05

14. The seven spirits of God (Rv 5:6)

 

Korean commentaries on Revelation

Author

Author’s opinion

Page #

Jae Joon Kim

The holy spirit, which is the spirit of the holy father and the spirit of the holy son

155

Eung Jo Kim

Symbolizing the completeness of the holy spirit

693

Yong Gi Cho

The seven eyes are the holy spirit

126

Soo Ahm Park            

Symbolizing the complete insight of the holy spirit

95

Sang Guen Lee

Symbolizing that the holy son and the holy spirit are in agreement

99

Won Tae Suk

Omniscience, omnipotence, and omnipresence of Jesus who resurrected

236

Yoon Sun Park

It means the complete work of the holy spirit, who is with the holy son

139


Non-Korean commentaries on Revelation

Author

Author’s opinion

Page #

Dake

"The seven horns and seven eyes symbolize the complete anointing of the Holy Spirit upon Christ in His redemptive work."

93

Johnson

"...probably a symbolic reference to the divine Holy Spirit who is sent forth by Christ into the world."

76

Biederwolf

"...the Holy Spirit in His sevenfold perfection belonging to and profluent from the incarnate Redeemer, just as the seven lamps represent this Spirit immanent in the Godhead."

563

Hendricksen

"This Lamb, namely, our Lord Jesus Christ, has seven horns, indicating His power and authority; and seven eyes, for He is filled with the Holy Spirit."

90

Lenski

"The seven horns symbolize God's power as being directed to the world of men (Matt. 28:18). The eyes symbolize sight, intelligence, wisdom, compare 4:6,8....Power and might, sight and revelation, as the two 'seven' indicate, extend into and over the whole earth."

200-201

Wolvrood

"Though this may be a reference to seven angels, the preferable view is that it is another reference to the sevenfold Spirit of God."

115

Ladd

"The Lamb also has seven eyes; this denotes his fullness of vision, his omniscience....The eyes of the exalted Christ are like a flame of fire (1:14) and the seven spirits blaze like torches before the throne of God (4:5). In this symbolic way, John pictures the relationship between Christ and the Holy Spirit. In the earlier vision the symbol of the Spirit--seven torches of fire (4:5)--stand before the throne, thus picturing the relationship of the Spirit to God the Father."

88

14. The correct testimony

Moses saw the things of heaven and created the seven golden lampstands in the tabernacle (Ex 25). Aaron tended the lamps (Lv 24:1-3). In Zec 4, the lampstand denotes the eyes of God that are sent to the world (range across the whole earth). Also, it is written that John the Baptist was a lamp that burned and shined light for a short time (Jn 5:35). Rv 3:1 states that Jesus has seven spirits and seven stars and the main reference states that Jesus has seven eyes, which are the seven spirits that are sent out into all the earth (Rv 5:6). These seven spirits are the seven spirits that are before the throne of God in Rv 4. The reason why these seven spirits are referred to as the seven spirits of God is because they belong to God and are the messengers who receive direct orders from God like the secret commissioner[1] during the Chosun dynasty or a secretary in today's world. This is why regarding these seven spirits it is written, "For who dares make light of small beginnings?" (Zec 4:10).

Jesus said, "The father and I are one," (Jn 10:30) and "But the one united with the Lord is one spirit with him," (1 Cor 6:17). Similarly, because the spirits belong to God, they are called the seven spirits of God. Therefore, the seven spirits of God are messengers sent across the whole earth.

This is the testimony of the one who saw and heard. Therefore, this testimony is true.


[1] secret commissioner [amhaeng osa (암행어사 : 暗行御史)]. During the Chosun Dynasty (July 1392 - August 1910), the king would secretly dispatch a commissioner to the province in order to inspect the government of that province and to investigate the concerns of the people residing there.

References:

Korean commentaries

Cho, Yong Gi. Commentary on Revelation. Korea: Youngsan Publishing, 1976.

Kim, Eung Jo. Commentary on the bible. Korea: Sung Chung Publishing, 1981.

Kim, Jae Joon. Revelation. Korea: Christian Literature Society of Korea, 1969.

Park, Soo Ahm. Revelation. Korea: Christian Literature Society of Korea, 1991.

Sang Keun Lee, Revelation. Korea: Sung Deung Publishing, 1968.

Won Tae Suk, Commentary on Revelation. Korea: Kyung Hayng Publishing, 1984.

Yoon Sun Park, Commentary on Revelation. Korea: Yungeumsa, 1964.

 

Non-Korean commentaries

Biederwolf, William E. The millennium bible. Grand Rapids, MI: Global Christian, 1924.

Dake, Finis. Revelation expounded. Lawrenceville, GA: Dake, 1948.

Hendriksen, William. More than conquerors: an interpretation of the book of Revelation.     Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books, 2008.

Johnson, Alan F. Revelation: bible study commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1983.

Ladd, G.E. A commentary on the Revelation of John. Grand Rapids, MI: William B.            Eerdmans, 1990.

Lenski, R.C.H., The interpretation of St. John’s Revelation. Minneapolis, MN: Augsburg Fortress, 2008.

Walvoord, John F. The revelation of Jesus Christ. Chicago, IL: Moody Press, 1966.

 

                                                                                            

Source: A Correct Understanding of the Bible and Shinchonji http://cafe.daum.net/scjschool

 


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계시와주석비교(영어)

빛을발하라 2009. 2. 19. 22:32

12. Four living creatures (Rv 4:6-8)

Korean commentaries on Revelation

 

Author

Author’s opinion

Page #

Jae Joon Kim

The spirits who serve God at the closest and highest position in heaven

148

Eung Jo Kim

The angels (seraphs) that guard God

694

Yong Gi Cho

Cherubs (angels) who protect the holiness of God beside his throne

112

Soo Ahm Park            

Cherubs who are near the throne of God

88-89

Sang Guen Lee

Representing all creation

101

Won Tae Suk

Representatives of holy angels, cherubs (spiritual beings) of high rank who serve at the throne of God

210-211

Yoon Sun Park

Entities that are like the four living creatures and actually exist in heaven or symbolizing other spiritual beings

119

Non-Korean commentaries on Revelation

 

Author

Author’s opinion

Page #

Dake

Entities that are like angels

654

Johnson

"...the 'angels,' the 'twenty-four elders,' and 'the four living creatures' all designate actual supernatural beings involved with the purpose of God on earth and His worship in heaven."

71

Biederwolf

The four living creatures are "generally admitted" to be symbolic. "They are identical with the Cherubim of the Old Testament (Eze 1:5-10, 10:20)...If they are symbols there is not the slightest intimation given in the Word of God as to what they symbolize.  All we have is the pure imagination of the commentators."

558

Hendricksen

The most holy angels who are at the highest position

103

Lenski

Representatives of God’s providence on earth

152

Wolvoord

"Some interpret the four living creatures as representative of the attributes or qualities of God presented to John here as living entities.  This is probably the best interpretation." 

109

Ladd

"...these four living creatures are analogous to the seraphim of Isa. 6:1-3 and the cherubim of Ezek. 10:14. ...Either the cherubim represent the praise and adoration extended to the Creator by the totality of his creation; or else they represent angelic beings who are used by the Creator in executing his rule and his divine will in all the orders of his creation."

77

12.The correct testimony

The four living creatures of Rv 4 are cherubs mentioned in Gn 3 and Ez 10. They are spirits who serve God and are the army of heaven. Zec 6 and Rv 6 testifiy about this. They number thousands upon thousands, and ten thousand times ten thousand (Rv 5:11).  Each of the four living creatures has four faces (Ez 5:11). The many eyes that surround each living creature are spirits and they are part of the army.  The four living creatures are the archangels that command over this army. The organization of the throne descends upon the 12 tribes (Rv 7), who are sealed on the earth, and unites with them. This is similar to birds coming to a tree and perching in it (Mt 13:31-32). The appearances of the four living creatures are figurative for the authority to judge: a man judges people, an ox judges by plowing and weeding out the field, a lion catches (judges) beasts, and an eagle catches (judges) birds (spirits) (Ez 1:10). Just as soldiers fight during wars with legislative, judicial, and administrative authority[1], the four living creatures figuratively portray the appointed tasks given to the angels.

 

This is the testimony of the one who saw and heard the four living creatures and the many eyes, and therefore, this testimony is true. Anyone who has given a false testimony should listen to the truth (true testimony), understand it, and correct his wrongdoing.




[1] legislative, judicial, and administrative authority also known as 삼권(三權sam kwon): three kinds of power to rule a nation. 

 

 

References:

Korean commentaries

Cho, Yong Gi. Commentary on Revelation. Korea: Youngsan Publishing, 1976.

Kim, Eung Jo. Commentary on the bible. Korea: Sung Chung Publishing, 1981.

Kim, Jae Joon.  Revelation. Korea: Christian Literature Society of Korea, 1969.

Park, Soo Ahm. Revelation. Korea: Christian Literature Society of Korea, 1991.

Sang Keun Lee, Revelation. Korea: Sung Deung Publishing, 1968.

Won Tae Suk, Commentary on Revelation. Korea: Kyung Hayng Publishing, 1984.

Yoon Sun Park, Commentary on Revelation. Korea: Yungeumsa, 1964.

 

Non-Korean commentaries

Biederwolf, William E. The millennium bible. Grand Rapids, MI:  Global Christian Publishers, 1924.

Dake, F.J. Revelation expounded:  eternal mysteries simplified. Translated. Korea: Sung Won Publishing, 1980.

Hendriksen, William. More than conquerors: an interpretation of the book of Revelation. Translated. Korea: Agape Publishing, 1989.

Johnson, Alan F. Revelation:  bible study commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1983.

Ladd, G.E. A commentary on the Revelation of John. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1990.

Lenski, R.C.H., The interpretation of St. John’s Revelation. Translated. Korea: Baekhap Publishing, 1981.

Walvoord, John F. The revelation of Jesus Christ. Chicago, IL:  Moody Press, 1966.

 

                                                                                            

Source: A Correct Understanding of the Bible and Shinchonji http://cafe.daum.net/scjschool

 

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