드라마

choyeung 2008. 12. 26. 23:43

로맨스 소설의 고전 <메디슨 카운티의 다리>를 쓴 로버트 제임스 윌러(Robert James Waller 1939~)는 미국의 소설가이며 사진가와 음악가이다. 이 소설은 어디까지나 픽션이지만 소설의 주인공과 작가자신과의 유사성이 많은 것으로 그의 인터뷰에서 지적하고 있다. 1992년에 출간되어 1993년에 미국의 톱 베스트 셀러가 되었고 드디어 1995년에 영화로 만들어 졌다. 제2의 <러브스토리>가 된 셈이다.

 

카우보이의 피를 가진 Geograpic사의 사진사(Clint Eastwood 1930~)와 시골마을에서 정열을 숨기고 살아가던 여자(Meryl Streep 1949~)가 우연히 만나 오직 나흘간에 이루어진 사랑은 겉으로 보기에는 이뤄지지 않은 것 같으나 사랑의 진실은 독자와 시청자들에게 여운을 남기고 맺어진 소설과 영화이다. 

 

윌러는 이 소설을 쓴지 10년후인 2002년에 <천개의 시골길> (A Thousand Country Roads, 국내에서 <메디슨 카운티의 추억>으로 번역출간)이란 후속 소설을 썼다. 이는 수많은 독자들이 두 사람의 후속스토리 (에필로그, epilogue)가 어떻게 되는가 쇄도하는 요청에 따른 것이었다.

 

이러한 것을 보면 한 때 국내에서 인기드라마로 일본등 외국에까지 흥행한 서정적인 로맨스 스토리인 <겨울연가>의 에필로그가 나올 법한데 그렇지 않는지 안타까울 뿐이다.

 

 

 

 

 

1. The Bridges of Madison County


빨간 나무 지붕이 있는 메디슨 카운티의 다리에서

극중의 한 기혼 中年 女人과 한 중년 독신(獨身) 男子가

처음으로 사랑을 느꼈네.


그리고는 메디슨 카운티의 다리에서 헤어졌다네.

불륜(不倫)의 사랑이었으므로

그러나 그것이 생(生)의 첫 번째 眞正한 사랑이라는 데

문제(問題)가 있었네.


일생 중에 진정한 사랑은

단 한 번밖에 오지 않는다는 事實 때문에

그 남자는 늙어 죽기 전에 그 여인에게

일생중에 진정한 첫사랑이었노라는

마지막 편지(便紙)를 보내고

편지를 품에 고이 안던,


이젠 백발(白髮)이 성성해진 그 여인도

죽고 나서야 남겨둔 편지로 子女들에게 고백(告白)했다네.

아름다운 不倫을

일생에 단 한 번밖에 오지 않는다는

진실한 사랑을 위해

죽기 전까지 가슴 깊숙이에 간직하고만 살았던 그들


메디슨 카운티의 다리에 내가 서 있네.

일생 단 한 번의 진실한 사랑을 위해

우리 사랑을 방해(妨害)하던 검은 운명(運命)과 대결(對決)하러 가네.

하지만 거대한 힘의 운명에 형편없이 매만 맞고서


내 사랑과 메디슨 카운티의 다리에서 헤어지고

함께한 시간들만 추억(追憶)하며 한(恨)없이 쪼그라드네.

그런 사랑은 끄기 위해 켜둔 촛불

밝지만 서러운 그 빛 안에서 피었다 지는 수선화(水仙花)였네.

사랑했던 마음들이 땅으로 타락(墜落)한

여름 육과(果肉)처럼 멍이 드네.


메디슨 카운티의 다리가

일생 단 한 번밖에 오지 않는

진실한 사랑을 만나기 위해 서 있네.

그러나 단지 나무라는 이유(理由)만으로

이루어질 수 없는 사랑의 운명 때문에


내부 깊은 곳에서부터 서서히 썩어가고 있네.

메디슨 카운티의 다리가 아프고 그 남자와 여자가 아프고

내가 아프고 내 애인(愛人)이 아프고

그 사랑이 범인(犯人)이고 세월(歲月)이 공범(共犯)이고 삶이 방관자(傍觀者)였네.

영화 안에서나 영화 밖의 세계 속에서도


그 남자와 그 여자와 나와 내 애인과

메디슨 카운티의 다리가

숨겨진 투명(透明) 끈으로 연결되어 있었네.

그러나 나는 아직 메디슨 카운티의 다리에 가 본적이 없네.


영화 '메디슨 카운티의 다리'를 생각하노라면

영화의 내용은 차치하고라도

사랑이냐 불륜이냐로 나뉘어져

평(評)을 하던 사람들의 주장(主張)이 떠오른다.

그런데 사랑과 불륜을 들먹거리며

言爭하는 사람들을 보면

왜 그리 실없는 웃음이 나오던지.

우연(偶然)하게 만나,

사랑하게 되는 중년 남.녀의 이야기를

엮은 영화였었지

사랑이냐 불륜이냐를 구분 지으라는 의도(意圖)는 아닌 것 같았다.


사랑은 무조건 아름다운 것이라면

不倫은 추하고 불결(不潔)하고,

결코 있어서는 안될 감정이며, 인정(認定)받지 못하는,

단죄(斷罪)의 대상이 되어야 할

용납(容納)될수 없는 감정들인가!

'메디슨 카운티의 다리'는 사람들의

이성(理性)과 양심(良心)에 질문을 던진다.

당신이라면... 감정(感情)과 선택(選擇)의 문제에 직면(直面)했을 때,

바로 당신이라면 어떻게 하겠느냐고 말이다.


단편적(斷片的)으로 생각해 보면,

아름다운 사랑이라고 포옹(擁護)하는 사람들은

기회(機會)만 주어진다면 그런 사랑을 해보고

싶어하는 사람일지도 모르며


不倫이라고 강조(强調)하는 사람들은

어떻게 그런 터무니없는 사랑을 할수 있느냐며,

일언지하에 묵살할 지도 모르겠다.

그런데 불륜이라고 주장하는 사람들에게 묻고 싶다.

偶然한 감정(感情)을 느껴본 적이 있는지

정말 우연하게 누군가를 가슴속에 품은 채,

잠 못 이루며 앓아본 적이 있는지 말이다.


단 한번이라도 그런 경험(經驗)이 있다면

비록 그 영화가 불륜의 이야기라 할지라도 얼마나 애절(哀切)하며

아름답고 숭고(崇高)한 사랑인지

이해(理解)할 수 있을 것 이라고 말이다.

당신의 기준에 의해서 사랑과 불륜으로 나뉘어질 뿐이다.

타인(他人)들의 눈에는 불륜으로 비칠지 모르나

당사자(當事者)들에게는 그 무엇과도 비교(比較)할수 없는 감정이며,

사랑이며 존재(存在)인 것이다.


불륜의 사랑도 가슴앓이 하는 사랑이다.

진실(眞實)과 최선(最善)을 다 하며,

남김없이 주고 싶어하는 헌신적(獻身的)인 사랑 말이다.

'메디슨 카운티의 다리'의 사랑이 아름다웠던 이유(理由)는

이별(離別)이 다가왔을 때

설령 자신의 바램과는 상이(相異)할 지라도,

상대(相對)를 위해 감수해 낼 줄 아는

성숙(成熟)된 모습들이었지 않나 싶다.


 

 김 경수

 

-동영상       https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dFl0Jvo3jAw

             [ Bridges of Madison County]..         .Ending with her children.......  

 

 

2. 킨케이드가 프란체스카에게 보낸 편지

 

-나는 이제 예순 다섯살이오.


이 便紙가 당신 손에 제대로 들어가길 바라오.

언제 당신이 이걸 받게 될지는 나도 모르겠소.

내가 죽은 후 언젠가가 될거요.

나는 이제 예순 다섯살이오.

그러니까 내가 당신 집 앞길에서 길을 묻기 위해

차를 세운 것이 13년 전의 바로 오늘이오.


이 小包가 어떤 식으로든 當身의 생활을

混亂에 빠뜨리지 않으리라는데 賭博을 걸고있소.

이 카메라들이 카메라 가게의 중고품 진열장이나

낯선 사람의 손에 들어가는 것을 생각하는 것만으로도

참을 수가 없었소

당신이 이것들을 받을 때 쯤에는

모양이 아주 形便없을거요.

하지만 달리 이걸 남길 만한 사람도 없소.

이것들을 당신에게 보내는 危險을

당신으로 하여금 무릅쓰게 해서 정말 미안하오.


나는 1965년에서 1975년까지 거의 길에서 살았소.

당신에게 電話하거나 當身을 찾아가고픈

誘惑을 없애기 위해서였소.


깨어 있는 瞬間마다 느끼곤 하는 그 誘惑을 없애려고

얻을 수 있는 모든 海外作業을 따냈소.

"빌어먹을, 난 아이오와의 윈터셋으로 가겠어

그리고 어떤 代價를 치르더라도

프란체스카를 데리고 와야겠어."라고

중얼거린 때가 여러 번 있었소.

하지만 당신이 한 말을 기억하고 있고

또 당신의 感情을 尊重해요.

어쩌면 당신 말이 옳았는지도 모르겠소.


그 무더운 金曜日 아침

당신 집 앞길을 빠져나왔던 일이

내가 지금까지 한일과 앞으로 할일 중에서

가장 어려운 일이었다는 點만은 分明히 알고 있소.

사실, 살면서 그보다 더 어려운 일을 겪은 사람이

몇 사람이나 있을지 의아스럽소.

나는 1975년 "내셔널 지오그래픽" 을 그만두고

나머지 歲月을 대부분

내가 직접 고른 일에 바치고 살고있소.

한번에 며칠 程度만 떠나면 되는

작은 일을 골라하고 있소.


財政的으로 힘들긴 하지만 그런대로 살아나가고 있소.

언제나 그랬듯이 말이오.

작업의 많은 부분이 푸겟 사운드 周邊에서 이루어지오.

나는 그런 식으로 일하는게 마음에 들어요

男子들은 나이가 들수록

물을 좋아하게 되는 것 같소.

강이나 바다 말이오

아! 그렇소

이젠 내게 개도 한마리 생겼소 황금색 리트리버

나는 녀석을 "하이웨이"라고 부르는데

旅行할 때도 대부분 데리고 다녀요.

녀석은 窓門에 고개를 내밀고

좋은 撮影거리가 없나 두리번거리곤 하지.


1972년, 메인주의 아카디아 國立公園에 있는

벼랑에서 떨어지는 바람에 발목이 부러졌소.

떨어지면서 목걸이와 메달도 달아나버렸소.

하지만 多幸스럽게도 그 周邊에 떨어져 있었소.

寶石商에 가서 목걸이 줄을 고쳐야 했소.


나는 마음에 먼지를 안은 채 살고 있소

내가 表現할 수 있는 말은 그 정도요.

당신 전에도 여자들이 몇 몇 있었지만

당신을 만난 이후로는 없었소.

意識的으로 禁慾 生活을 하는 것은 아니고

그냥 關心이 없을 뿐이오.

한번은 제 짝꿍을 사냥꾼의 총에 잃은 거위를 보았소.

당신도 아다시피 거위들은 平生토록 한쌍으로 살잖소.

거위는 며칠동안 호수를 맴돌았소.


내가 마지막으로 거위를 봤을 때는

갈대밭 사이에서 아직도 짝을 찾으며 헤엄치고 있었소.

文學的인 면에서 약간 赤裸裸한 類推일지 모르지만

정말이지 내 氣分이랑 똑같은 것 같았소.


안개 내린 아침이나 해가 北西쪽으로 기울어지는 午後에는

당신이 人生에서 어디쯤 와 있을지

내가 당신을 생각하는 瞬間에 당신은 무슨 일을 하고 있을지

생각하려고 애쓴다오.

뭐! 複雜할 건 없지

당신네 마당에 있거나 玄關의 그네에 앉아 있거나

아니면 부엌의 싱크대 옆에 서 있겠지.

그렇지 않소? 나는 모든 것을 기억하고 있소.

당신에게 어떤 香氣가 나는지

당신에게 얼마나 여름 같은 맛이 나는지도

내 살에 닿는 당신의 살갗이며

사랑을 나눌 때 당신이 속삭이는 소리


로버트 펜 워렌은

"神이 포기한것 같은 世上"이란 구절을

使用한 적이있소

내가 時間에 대해 느끼는 感情과

아주 가까운 表現이오

하지만 언제나 그런 식으로 살 수는 없잖소.

그런 느낌이 지나치게 强해지면

나는 하이웨이와 함께 해리를 몰고

나가 며칠씩 도로를 달리곤 한다오. 


나 자신에게 憐憫을 느끼고 싶지는 않소.

나는 그런 사람이 아니니까

그리고 대부분은 그런 식으로 느끼지도 않고

대신 당신을 發見한 사실에

感謝한 마음을 안고 살아가고 있소.

우리는 宇宙의 먼지 두 조각 처럼

서로에게 빛을 던졌던 것 같소.


神이라고 해도 좋고

宇宙自體라고 해도 좋소.

그 무엇이든 調和와 秩序를 이루는

偉大한 構造下에서는

地上의 시간이 무슨 意味가 있겠소.

廣大한 우주의 시간 속에서 보면

나흘이든 4억 光年이든 별 差異가 없을거요.

그 점을 마음에 간직하고 살려고 애쓴다오.


하지만 결국 나도 사람이오.

그리고 아무리 哲學的인 이성을 끌어대도

매일 매순간 당신을 원하는 마음까지

막을 수는 없소.

慈悲心도 없이 시간이...

당신과 함께 보낼 수 없는 시간의 痛哭 소리가

내 머리 속 깊은 곳으로 흘러들고 있소.

당신을 사랑하오 깊이 完璧하게

그리고 언제나 그럴 것이오.

 

 

3.Critical Essay:

 

Bridges of Madison County is a slender, quick-read love story that was written in only 14 days by author, professor, artist and musician Robert James Waller. Waller got the idea for the story about Francesca, an Iowa housewife and her week-long love affair and life-long love of the traveling photographer Robert Kincaid, after traveling around Iowa himself photographing the bridges. These pictures are used in the book as chapter headers. Bridges of Madison County was published by Warner Books in hardback in April of 1992.


Warner set out to publish only a modest number of the book for it’s first printing, and the immediate reception to the book was only lukewarm. Reviews were mixed, to say the least, and in 1992 it held an average position of 11.1 on the Bestsellers List, which although is not shabby, told nothing of the books amazing reception to come in the next years, and the line-up of number one spots that Bridges of Madison County would hold on many bestseller lists. What is it that made this book start out slowly but then soar to the top such that almost every American has either heard about, read the book or seen the movie?


By 1998, Bridges of Madison County has sold over 50 million copies worldwide and has been translated into 25 languages. This book reached number one on the New York Times Book Seller list for 13 weeks and spent 3 years on the list. Bridges of Madison County even beat out Gone With the Wind in 1995 as the best-selling fiction book of all time. But in the beginning, by looking at the professional reviews that this novel by first-time self-proclaimed “eclectic” Robert James Waller received, one would never have predicted it’s success to come.


Many reviews responded negatively to it storyline, calling it “contrived,” “trite,” and “unbelievable.” Some reviews compared to other soft-focus romance books, such as the Harlequin novels. Many reviewers had a hard time taking in the love affair of two older people, and felt that they were acting like teenagers. one reviewer, Paula Carnes of the Los Angelos Times felt it was an insult to women’s minds and hearts, and felt it demeaned normal marriages. Phrases like the “story of a life wasted,” “for larger pop culture,” “unrealistic dialogue,” and “sweet but flat” flowed from many reviewers in the years 1992 to 1993.


Other reviewers obviously agreed with the millions of readers who made Bridges of Madison County a best seller. Charles Champlin of the Los Angelos Times Book Review caught the essence of this book in describing it as a “sleeper...a nice little book that takes off slowly, without benefit of splashy advertising, book-club promotion or a flood of rave reviews, but that ends up on the best-seller list the old fashioned way-because readers fall in love with it and tell their friends.”


Many argue that especially in the 1980’s and 90’s, books become bestsellers mainly because of the popularity of the author. Authors like John Grisham, Stephen King, Danielle Steele and Ann Rice seem to dominate the list, almost regardless of the quality of their latest work. It is doubtful, however, that Bridges of Madison County’s success can be attributed to the same phenomenon. The author, Robert James Waller was relatively unknown and this was his first novel. He had published some short stories before, but was more known to his friends and family as a musician and a business professor. This was Waller’s first novel, and was written because of a song he remembered while photographing the bridges in Winterset, Iowa. The success of this first novel prompted Waller to continue publishing. He wrote and published four more books between November, 1993 and October, 1995. Bridges of Madison County and his second novel, Slow Waltz in Cedar Bend were even on the bestsellers list together at one point in 1993.


Bridges of Madison County had a slow start and many unflattering reviews. Yet Warner Books, it’s publisher, lauds the book as a “blockbuster bestseller in the US, Great Britain, Japan, Germany, --everywhere!” As aforementioned, there are over 9 million copies in print. What is it about this novel that caught the publics attention?


One important fact to note about Bridges of Madison County is the way it was advertised and sold to many of it’s first readers. Warner Books seemed to know that they were holding a winner; they published 29,00 copies of the first edition. That number is about three times higher than what would be expected for a book written by a first-time unknown author. Bridges of Madison County was next realized for the hit that it was by independent booksellers who pushed the book in their stores. There is a store in Florida, Kingsley’s, who offered a money-back guarantee on the book. This book store has sold about 1,600 copies of the book, and only 2 out of those came back for their money-back offer. The book was pushed by independent booksellers, and their customers obviously loved the book and spread it’s appeal to their friends. Soon, even Oprah was doing a feature on the book on her day-time talk show. A successful movie from Amblin entertainment followed, and Waller has since been successfully publishing other novels.


Bridges of Madison County received it’s high sales volume through basic word of mouth, since the early reviews would not have urged people to run to the stores. The novel’s plot is fairly simple. A married farmers wife meets a traveling photographer one summer weekend when her husband and children are away. Francesca has a simple, satisfactory life,but her excitement level is certainly lacking.The photographer, Robert Kincaid shows her a side of life full of change, travel and passion. The two have a whirlwind romance, and Kincaid offers to take Francesca away from her mundane life. Francesca can’t leave her family however. She explains that she could never bring such pain and humiliation to her family. In a way, she gives up her dream to keep her family together. Robert leaves to continue traveling, but is always on Francesca’s mind, as she is on his.


They have only a couple of written contacts over the years. Kincaid dies, and sends his belongings to Francesca. When Francesca dies, she leaves a letter of explanation to her children, and ask that her ashes be thrown off of the bridge that her and Kincaid met on. It is a sweet, short, easy to read novel, and there are several possible reasons why this book came to be such a bestseller.


First of all, this book was written in 1992, in an era where the divorce rate is around 50%. Faith in marriage, and in true love, seems to be fading in the 1990’s. This is an era of multiple marriages, multiple divorces, affairs being more commonplace, and more and more people choosing not to marry but simply to live with each other. There seems to be a great amount of cynicism surrounding the concept of real “love.” In fact, in 1993, John Gray’s Men are from Mars, Women are from Venus, a book exalting the confusion between the sexes, was a best seller as well on the non-fiction list.


That certainly doesn’t mean that people don’t crave real love however. It is a topic that is less and less often written about. The 90’s are also an era in which the “traditional” family is often considered archaic. Family, and raising one’s children, often play a second role after careers. Whereas in the 1950’s most mothers stayed at home to raise their children while the fathers were the primary money makers, in the 1990’s some 70% of mothers are also working to supplement the high costs of living. These norms of the 1990’s may help explain why Bridges of Madison County caught the American public’s attention despite the early negative reviews.


In this story, Francesca is in the traditional role of a mother and homemaker. She is faithfully married to her husband, Richard Johnson and has a simple, yet seemingly mundane life. The photographer, Robert Kincaid brings the passion, newness and even foreignness that Francesca’s life, and possibly many of the readers of this book, is missing. With Robert, she seems to find a new life, a sexual and emotional rebirth. This may have appealed to many of the readers who are convinced that such passion and intense feeling isn’t going to happen to them. If Francesca can have this rebirth, then perhaps so can the reader. In a world full of divorce and scandalous affairs that are broadcast over TV talk shows and newspaper, this love affair doesn’t quite fit into the same scheme. Instead of berating Francesca for cheating on Richard, the reader finds herself enthralled in what Francesca has found. If the book had taken a different turn, however, and Francesca had run off with Robert, the books readers may not have loved it as much.


Although everyone loved what Francesca had found, the readers still didn’t want Francesca’s family to suffer like so many families were suffering because of infidelity in the 1990’s. The fact that Francesca refuses to leave her family leaves the reader with a sense of conflict...half of the reader wants to her to keep that passion, and half wants her to “do the right thing.” This book is a master at turning sense of propriety upside down. Waller’s writing at this important juncture of the book is masterful as well. This is on of those parts in books that make it impossible to put the book down.


“As much as I want you and want to be with you and part of you, I can’t tear myself away from the realness of my responsibilities. If you force me, physically or mentally, to go with you, as I said earlier, I cannot fight that. I don’t have the strength, given my feelings for you. In spite of what I said about not taking the road away from you, I’d go because of my own selfish wanting of you. But please don’t make me. Don’t make me give this up, my responsibilities. I cannot do that and live with the thought of it. If I leave now, those thoughts would turn me into something other than the woman you have come to love.”


This eloquent passage seems to capture what many women feel, and what the readers half-way want Francesca to do. In this part, as in many other parts, the reader is joined with Francesca. We are rooting for her and aching for her, and can’t help but wonder what we would do in her place. one of the most memorable lines in the book comes from Robert after Francesca tells him this.


“ I have one thing to say, one thing only; I’ll never say it another time, to anyone, and I ask you to remember it: in a universe of ambiguity, this kind of certainty come only once, and never again, no matter how many lifetimes you live.”


This kind of dialogue is almost unbearable to the reader. one thing that makes this book so good, and so understandably a best seller are these kinds of masterful writing. Waller seems to put the language of the heart into printed words. Many readers can read this book and say “yes, yes” to themselves. There is not much chance that readers of this book could not feel the passion of Francesca and Robert, and feel some sort of emotion.


One important fact to realize is that this love story was written by a male, yet obviously would affect the female reading population the most.It is always on the female readers mind that this was written by a male, yet he seems to understand so much about love and can create 2 so perfectly matched lovers. It gives female readers hope that men still do exist who know how to fall in love and keep up love properly. In the 1990’s, this is a sentiment seemingly echoed by the majority of women. Waller also didn’t make Francesca the victim of a love-scam. He didn’t have Kincaid simply use the naive housewife for a weekend affair. He created Kincaid’s character to have the same emotions as Francesca. In fact, while Francesca stays with her family and her sort of love for her husband, Kincaid never gets married. He holds Francesca in his mind as his only love. This again will appeal to female readers, who would like to meet a man such as this. Waller created a bestseller by making characters that are on one hand pretty believable, yet also seemingly out of the reach of normal readers. It is not surprising that after this book was published and became a best seller,


the real bridges in Iowa became popular visiting spots. It is as if all the readers wanted a piece of the romance that Robert and Francesca had; a romance that seems just out of reach, yet still believable, and still what many want, even in the 1990’s.


Another facet of Bridges of Madison County that could have helped it’s reach its bestseller status is as simple as the number of pages. This book is an easy read, only 90 pages and doesn’t require a college degree to understand it’s nuances. In the busy, hurried life of the 1990’s, it seems more and more that people are looking for the short, easy way, with their cars, their food, their technology and perhaps even their leisure reading. Bridges of Madison County does not require a month long reading commitment. This fact, simple as it may be, may be important in looking at the amazingly high sales figures for this novel.

It is hard to pin down for certain exactly what elements helped raise this novel to bestseller status. It seems reasonable to assume that a combination of many factors may be responsible. First, the times that this book was written in were prime to accept a simple love story. Secondly, the themes of this book could be pleasurable to both romantics and love cynics. Finally, the simplicity and unassumingness of this novel help the reader glide through the romance of Robert and Francesca.

 

 

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