절대지지 노무현 2005. 7. 29. 04:14

[ severe ]  adj, very serious; severe problems, injuries, illnesses are very bad or very serious; a severe punishment is very strict or extreme; 가혹한, 맹렬한, 심한, 엄격한;

ex) Before I took this medication, my symptoms were more severe.

     His injuries were quite severe.

     Drug smugglers can expect severe penalties.


 [ recognize ]  v, to know who someone is or what something is, because you have seen, heard, experienced, or learned about them in the past; to accept or admit that something is true; 인정하다, 알아보다, (보고) 생각해내다;

ex) I didn`t  recognize you in your uniform.

     It was malaria, but Dr. Lee hadn`t recognized the symptoms.

    The World Health Organization has recognized alcoholism as a disease since 1951.

     It is important to recognize how little we know about this disease.

     I was leaving the restaurant when I ran into a friend of mine. I didn`t recognize  her at first because she lost a lot of weight.

     Maggie looks very different now. When you will see her again, you won`t recognize  her.

     Your body doesn`t  really recognize what time of day it is. It is a little bit of a  myth.


 [ concerned ]  adj, involved [ not before noun] involved in something or affected by it; worried worried about something; 관계가 있는, 걱정스러운;

ex) Divorce is very painful, especially when children are concerned.

     We are trying to reach an agreement with all concerned.

     There was no evidence that he was concerned in any criminal activity.

     She is concerned about how little food I eat.

    Pamela was concerned that her schoolwork had deteriorated despite her hard work.

     I am concerned about my daughter. She has been in her room for ten hours without eating anything.

[ assure ]  v, to tell someone that something will definitely happen or is definitely true so that are less worried; to make something certain to happen or to be achieved; = ensure; assured  adj, confident about your own abilities; if you are assured of something, you will definitely get it or achieve it; 보증하다, 안심시키다, 확실하게 하다; 보증된, 자신 있는, (~이라고) 확신하여;

ex) Her doctor has assured us that she`ll be fine.

     The document is genuine, I can assure you.

     A win on Saturday will assure them of promotion to Division one.

     His victory means that he is now assured of a place in the final.

     Although I was assured that the chef had been changed, the food hasn`t improved at all.

[ relieve ]  v, pain to reduce someone`s pain or unpleasant feeling; problem to make a problem less difficult or serious; to replace someone when they have completed their duty or when they need a rest; 경감하다, (긴장 등을) 풀게 하다, 해방하다;

ex) Drugs helped to relieve the pain.

     Some people eat for comfort, to relieve their anxieties.

     Programs aimed at relieving unemployment.

     The guard will be relieved at midnight.

     Having done a lot of secretarial work in Britain, I was relieved to find that I wasn`t expect to do any filing or photocopying.

[ instruction ]  n, the written information that tells you how to do or use something; = direction; a statement telling someone what they must do; = orders; 훈령, 교수, 명령, 사용 설명서;

ex) Install the machine according to the manufacturer`s instruction.

     He had specific instructions to check everyone`s identity cards.

     Mrs Edwards gave instruction that she was not to be disturbed.

     once you are a registered member, you will be sent instructions on how to access the data.

[ steep ]  adj, a road, hill that is steep slopes at a high angle; steep price, charge are unusually expensive; = low; 가파른, (세금․요금 등이) 터무니없는, 과장된;

ex) The road became rocky and steep.

     This year the numbers are expected to show a steeper decline.

[ sufficient ]  adj, as much as is needed for a particular purpose; = enough; 충분한;

ex) We can only prosecute if there is sufficient evidence.

     We need sufficient time to deal with the problem.

     A check was once returned to a millionaire from a bank. It bore a stamped imprint " Insufficient Funds."

[ apprehend ]  v, if the police apprehend a criminal. they catch him or her; = arrest; to understand something; 체포하다, (의미를) 파악하다, 이해하다;

ex) The police have failed to apprehend the culprits.

     They were slow to apprehend the danger.

     When they are trained to use their nose in a controlled situation, it is incredible  what dogs can find. This is why dogs are used to apprehend criminal suspects.

[ appropriate ]  adj, correct or suitable for a particular time, situation, or purpose; ≠ inappropriate; 적절한, 적당한, 알맞은;

ex) It would not be appropriate for me to discuss that now.

     It seemed somehow appropriate that we should begin our journey here.

     I didn`t feel that this was an appropriate time to mention the subject of money.

     This is why dogs are always walking around smelling everything they come in contact with, both appropriately and inappropriately.

[ clutter ]  v, to cover or fill a space or room with too many things, so that it looks very untidy; your mind with a lot of different things; 어지르다, (무질서하게) 채우다;

ex) Piles of books and papers cluttered his desk.

     The walls were cluttered with paintings and prints.

     only after Christmas did she get around to clearing off her cluttered desk.

[ reveal ]  v, to make known something that was previously secret or unknown; ≠ conceal; 드러내다, 폭로하다, 누설하다;

ex) He revealed that he had been in prison twice before.

     The violinist revealed himself as a talented interpreter of classical music.

     He may be prosecuted for revealing secrets about security agency.


[ include ]  v, if one thing includes another, the second thing is part of the first; to make someone or something part of a larger group; ≠ exclude; ~을 (부분․요소 등으로) 포함하다, 넣다;

ex) Does the price include postage?

     The curriculum includes courses in computing.

     They had the monkeys eat their food at different times of the day, including the evening and night.

     The sahara, the largest of all deserts, had an area greater than that of the United States excluding Alaska.


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