A GUIDE FOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

절대지지 노무현 2005. 8. 4. 13:55

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[ appreciate ]  v, to understand how serious or important a situation or problem is or what someone`s feelings are; = realize; used to thank someone  in a polite way or to say that you are grateful for something they have done; 진가를 인정하다, 올바르게 인식하다, 감상하다, 고맙게 생각하다;

 ex) He did not fully appreciate the significance of signing the contract.

      We appreciate that caring for children is an important job.

      I appreciate your concern, but honestly, I`m fine.

      In the English class, Jane learned to read poems critically and

      appreciate good prose.

 

[ proofread ]  v, to read through something that is written or printed in order to correct any mistakes in it; 교정보다;

 ex) I suggest you proofreading this first draft very carefully.

 

[ adopt ]  v, child to take someone else`s child into your home and legally become its parent; to start to deal with or think about something in a particular way; style/manner to use a particular style of speaking, writing, or behaving, especially one that you do not usually use; (사상, 이론, 방법, 의견, 정책 등을) 채용하다, (자기의 것으로) 받아들이다, 양자로 삼다;

 ex) The couple are unable to have children of their own, but hope to adopt.

      The courts were asked to adopt a more flexible approach to young

      offenders.

      Kim adopts a southern accent when speaking to family back home.

      They recommended that the government adopt a radical program of poverty

      eradication as a priority.

 

[ adapt ]  v, to gradually change your behaviour and attitudes in order to be successful in a new situation; to change something to make it suitable for a different purpose; (새로운 환경 등에) 적응시키다, (건물, 기계 등을 용도에 맞추어) 개조하다;

 ex) The children are finding it hard to adapt to the new school.

      How do these insects adapt themselves to new environments?

      These teaching materials can be adapted for older children.

 

[ utilize ]  v, to use something for a particular purpose; 이용하다; utility  n, a service such as gas or electricity provided for people to use; the quality of being useful, or the degree to which something is useful; 유용, 효용, 공익 설비;

 ex) We must consider how best to utilize what resources we have.

      Does your rent include utilities.

      It is desirable that every employee utilize all of their vacation each year.

 

[ urge ]  v, to strongly suggest that someone does something; to make someone or something move by shouting, pushing them; 몰아대다, 재촉하다, 열심히 설득하다, 강요하다; 

 ex) He urged that a referendum should be held by December.

      * referendum 국민투표

      She began urging him towards the front door.

      When Jane heard about Rick, she immediately wrote to him and urged that

      they meet soon.

 

[ feature ]  n, a part of something that you notice because it seems important, interesting, or typical; a piece of writing about subject in a newspaper or a magazine, or a special report on television or on the radio; a part of someone`s face, such as their eyes, nose; (두드러진) 특징,(신문, 잡지 등의)연재 기사, 얼굴의 생김새; 

 ex) Air bag are a standard feature in most new cars.

      An important feature of Van Gogh`s paintings is their bright color.

      The most distinctive feature of the dinosaurs was their size.

      Her eyes were her best feature.

      This painting features a man going to his house, which is covered with

      snow.

 

[ repulse ]  v, if something or someone repulses you, you think that they are extremely unpleasant; = disgust; to fight someone and successfully stop their attack on you; 불쾌하게 하다, 격퇴하다; repulsive  adj, extremely unpleasant, in a way that almost makes you feel sick; 불쾌한; 

 ex) The very thought of his cild clammy hands repulsed me.

      Government troops repulsed an attack by rebel forces.

      Many people find slugs repulsive. * slug 달팽이

      We found the film repulsive, offensive, and we thought it embarrassing.