A GUIDE FOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

절대지지 노무현 2006. 1. 3. 22:17

 

 * 이 수능 영단어는 EBS영문법, EBS외국어영역 200제, EBS외국어영역 10주완성, EBS외국어영역 총정리를 바탕으로 정리한 수능 대비 영단어 입니다. 비교적 쉬운 단어, 낯선 단어가 보일 수도 있습니다. 지금 과외수업으로 수능준비를 하고 있는 제 학생들 위주로 단어를 정리합니다. 또, 수업내용으로 활용하기 때문에 무례하지만, 해석은 해두지 않았습니다. 스스로 해석해보시고, 질문이 있으시면 언제든지 질문 주세요. 환영하겠습니다. EBS 반영률에 대한 회의적인 시각도 있지만, 지문 내용, 어휘 등 전 EBS의 반영률을 높게 보고 있습니다.

 

[praise]  v, to say that you admire and approve of someone or something, especially publicly; ≠ criticize; 칭찬하다;

ex) Jane was praised by her teacher.

The mayor praised the rescue teams for their courage.

The parents, instead of praising her, called her a noisy chatterbox and told her that small girls should be seen and not heard.


[lie]와[lay]의 차이

[lie] - lay - lain  v, to be in a position in which your body is flat on the floor, on the floor, on a bed; 눕다, <물건이> 가로놓이다;

ex) He was lying on the bed smoking a cigarette.

Don`t lie in the sun for too long.

The papers were lying neatly on his desk.

For a few minutes he just lay there.

By the time she was three, Matilda had taught herself to read by studying newspapers and magazines that (lay / laid) around the house.

[lay] - laid - laid  v, to put someone or something down carefully into a flat position; = place; 놓다, 눕히다;

ex) He laid his hand on my shoulder.

They laid a wreath at the place where so many people died.


[coincidental]  a, happening completely by chance without being planned; 일치하는, 동시에 일어나는;

ex) Any similarity between this film and real events is purely coincidental.

Coincidentally, an American once visited Paris for the first time and was so beguiled by the city`s beauty that he composed a song entitled "April in Paris."


[recall]  v, to remember a particular fact, event, or situation from the past; 회상하다, 생각해내다;

ex) I seem to recall I`ve met him before somewhere.

I can`t recall who gave me the information.

When Saint-Exupery, writer of The Little Prince, was captured by the enemy and thrown into a jail cell during World War 2, he recalled, "I was sure that I was to be killed.


[nervous]의 두 가지 의미

① a, worried or frightened about something, and unable to relax; =anxious; 두려워하는, 불안한;

ex) She was so nervous about her exams that she couldn`t sleep.

I wish you`d stop looking at me like that. You`re making me nervous.

I was terribly nervous so I took out a cigarette.

② a, related to the nerves in your body; 신경의;

ex) She was suffering from a nervous condition.

He had a nervous twitch(=his body made small, uncontrolled movements).


[aware]  a, if you are aware that a situation exists, you realize or know that it exists; 알아차리고, 깨닫고;

ex) The children are aware of the danger of taking drugs.

Were you aware that Joe had this problem with his knee?

I kept smiling, aware of him as a person and not just a jailor.


[critical]의 세 가지 의미

① a, if you are critical, you criticize someone or something; 비판적인;

ex) Many economists are critical of the government`s economic policies.

Many parents are strongly critical of the school.

② a, a critical time or situation is serious and worrying because things might suddenly become much worse; 위험한, 위기의;

ex) The fighting has stopped, but the situation is still critical.

③ a, something that is critical is very important because what happens in the future depends on it; =crucial; 결정적인, 중요한;

ex) These talks are critical to the future of the peace process.

It is absolutely critical for us to know the truth.

One of the most critical moments of our meeting came when he asked me whether I really believed that any tax changes could impact the economy or the stock market in the short term.


[steer]  v, to guide someone`s behaviour or the way a situation develops; to be in charge of an organization, team and make decisions that help it to be successful, especially during a difficult time; 나아가게 하다, 지도하다;

ex) Teachers try to steer pupils away from drugs.

Mckinney steered the company through the recession.

I politely said that policy changes, of course, matter in steering the economy in the right direction.


[dense]  a, made of or containing a lot of things or people that are very close together; = thick; 밀집한, 빽빽한;

ex) A narrow track wound steeply up dense forest.


[essential]  a, extremely important and necessary; 필수적인, 본질적인, 가장 중요한;

ex) A good diet is essential for everyone.

It is essential that our pilots are given the best possible training.

To maintain a healthy, dense, green, actively growing turf, it is essential that a lawn (should) be watered during dry periods.


[potential]  a, likely to develop into a particular type of person or thing in the future; =possible; 잠재력이 있는, 가능한;

ex) Some potential consequences of overwatering include increased disease incidence, shallow rooting, waste of a valuable resource, and higher water bills.


[consequence]  n, something that happens as a result of a particular action or set of conditions; 결과;

ex) Many believe that poverty is a direct consequence of overpopulation.

He ate some poisonous mushrooms, with fatal consequence.


[incidence]  n, the number of times something happens, especially crime or disease; 발생률;

ex) Smokers had the highest incidence of colds.


[shallow]  a, measuring only a short distance from the top to the bottom; ≠deep; 얕은;

ex) The lake is quite shallow.

Place the meat in a shallow dish.


[bear]  v, to be under something and support it; =hold; 지탱하다;

ex) My leg was painful, and I wasn`t sure it would bear my weight.

According to the ACE(American Council on Exercise) the buoyancy of water reduces the weight your body must bear by about 90 percent.


[stress]  n, the physical force or pressure on an object; 압력, 압박;

ex) Shoes with high heels put a great deal of stress on knees and ankles.

This means the stress on weight-bearing joints, bones and muscles is similarly reduced.


[recover]  v, to get better after an illness, accident, shock; 회복하다;

ex) After a few days of fever, she began to recover.

That`s why the pool is such a great place to work out if you`re recovering from an injury, need a break from running or walking, or if you`re new to exercise.


[component]  n, one of several parts that together make up a whole machine or system; =constituent; 구성요소;

ex) Exercise is one of the key components of a healthy lifestyle.


[endurance]  n, the ability to continue doing something difficult or painful over a long period of time; 지구력, 인내;

ex) The marathon is a test of endurance.


[flexibility]  n, the ability to change or be changed easily to suit any new situation; the ability to bend or be bent easily; 유연성, 적응성, 탄력성;

ex) Employees expect flexibility in the work-place.

Stretching exercises will help your flexibility.

Water exercise like swimming can include all the components of fitness: muscular strength, endurance, and flexibility.

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