사진으로 보는 벤츠박물관 1)--- 독일 슈트트가르트

댓글 23

사진-Photos/모터쇼, 자동차-Autos,Motor Shows

2006. 1. 18.

벤츠박물관---독일 슈트트가르트

 

다임러 벤츠.

 

지금은 미국의 크라이슬러를 합병해서 다임러 크라이슬러로

이름을 바꾸었지만 벤츠라는 이름 하나로 전 세계 고급자동차의

대명사처럼 된 바로 그 차, 회사...

 

무한속도의 질주를 표방하는

아우토반(Autobahn)을 지배(?)하는 차.

 

자동차시대의 역사를 연 고틀리프 다임러(Gottlieb Daimler)와

칼 벤츠(Karl Benz).

그리고 다임러와 같이 초기의 자동차들을 설계했던 뛰어난 설계자 

빌헬름 마이바흐( Wilhelm Maybach).

그리고 벤츠라는 이름 앞에 메르세데스(Mercedes)라는 이름을

붙이게 한 에밀 옐리네크(Emil Jelinek)와 그의 딸 메르세데스.

 

이 모든 것이 어우러져서 세계 최고의 자동차 회사의 대명사

다임러 벤츠로 만들어진 것은 우연이 아닐 것이다.

 

메르세데스 벤츠 박물관은 여느 박물관이 아니다.

여타의 박물관이 과거를 전시하고 보여주는 것이라면

자동차가 현대의 인간들이 사용하는 문명의 이기이듯이

현대를 보여주는 박물관이라고 할 수 있다.

 

불과 백 수십년 남짓한 자동차의 역사란 이 우주의 역사,

인간의 역사에 비하면 너무나도 짧은 현대판 찰나라

할 수 있을 것이다.

 

벤츠박물관은 눈으로 보아야 하는 곳이다. 

그 많은 자동차의 발전을 말로나 글로 쓰는 것은 애시당초

가능하지도 않다.

 

그래서 말은 이만 줄이고 사진으로 설명해 나갈 도리 밖에

없는 것 같다.

 

슈트트가르트의 다임러 크라이슬러의 본사--어느 눈 오는 날의 사진...

벤츠 박물관, 들어서면 오른 쪽 벽에 있는 고트리프 다임러, 칼 벤츠, 빌헬름 마이바흐의 두상

 

아래의 사진과 함께 나란히 있는 최초의 자동차( Die ersten Automobile)

1886 Daimler Motor Carriage
1기통 462cc
다임러와 마이바흐에 의해 개발된 엔진 탑재.
 

1886 Benz Patent Motor Car

1 기통, 984cc, 최고속도 시속 16Km

최초의 공식 시험 주행은 1886년 6월 만하임에서 이루어졌다.

 

1889 Daimler Wire-Wheel Car
2기통 565cc 최고속도 22km
 

1893 Benz Viktoria
"Victoria", Karl Benz reputedly exclaimed in 1893 when he succeeded in developing a king-pin steering system  

 which allowed the front wheels of a cornering  vehicle to turn at different angles.

That was how the new model incorporating this system got its name.

 The capabilities of the "Victoria" were demonstrated by Theodor Freiherr von Liebieg in 1894

when he drove from Reichenberg in Bohemia via Mannheim to Reims and back.

 
1 cylinder
Bore: 150 mm, Stroke: 165 mm
Displacement: 2915 cm³ Output at 700 rpm: 3.7 kW (5 hp)
Top speed: 35 km/h
Price: 3875 gold marks
Consumption per 100 km:
20 liters of gasoline, 160 liters of coolant 
 

1894 Benz Velo
The Benz Velo, built between 1894 and 1899, was the first series-production car.

 At least 381 units are known to have been built between 1894 and 1897.

A Velo with convertible half roof was priced at 2,200 gold marks.

 
1 cylinder
Bore: 110 mm, Stroke: 110 mm
Displacement: 1045 cm³
Output at 450 rpm:
1.1 kW (1.5 hp)
Top speed: 21 km/h
 

1894 Daimler Belt-Driven Car
The engine of the "belt-driven car" was connected to the rear wheels by a 4-speed belt transmission,

 which permitted smooth gear-changing.

 
2 cylinders
Bore: 67 mm, Stroke: 108 mm
Displacement: 762 cm³
Output at 700 rpm:
1.8 kW (2.5 hp)
Top speed: 20 km/h
 

 

 

 

 

1902 Benz Spider
This particular vehicle had suffered considerable indignities before it finally found its way into the Mercedes-Benz museum.

 For many years, it lay buried under a coal tip in Ireland before being unearthed and completely restored.

It moved to its present site in 1969.

 
2 cylinder
Bore: 125 mm, Stroke: 120 mm
Displacement: 2945 cm³
Output at 1100 rpm:
11 kW (15 hp)
Top speed: 60 km/h
Price 8500 gold marks for a four-seater version

 

1903 Benz 12/18 PS "Parsifal"
The Parsifal series was the Benz response to the Daimler Simplex models.

With its debut at the 1902 Paris Motor Show, the Parsifal became very popluar and gained a great reputation.

Even Prince Heinrich of Prussia favored Benz-vehicles.

 
4 cylinders
Bore: 80 mm, Stroke: 120 mm
Displacement: 2413 cm³
Output at 1200 rpm:
15 kW (18 hp)
Top speed: 60 km/h
 

1902 Mercedes-Simplex
The first Mercedes differed from its predecessors in having a lower centre of gravity,

a longer wheelbase an pressure lubrication which could be precisely controlled by the driver.

The engine an the "grate" change gearbox with four speeds plus reverse gear were connected by a coil spring clutch.

The gearbox was fitted with a differential and power was transmitted to the rear wheels via a sprocket wheel shaft.

The wooden-spoked wheels were for the first time fitted with low pressure tyres.

The highly successful first Mercedes was notable for its simplicity of operation, hence its name Simplex.

 

1907 Mercedes Simplex Touring Coach
This touring coach was originally owned by Emil Jellinek, who used it to take his family to the French Maritime Alps and to Baden near Vienna.
 
4 cylinders
Bore: 140 mm, Stroke: 150 mm
Displacement: 9236 cm³
Output at 1400 rpm:
44 kW (60 hp)
Top speed: 80 km/h
 
1909 Benz 20/35 PS 16/40 PS
4 cylinders
Bore: 105 mm, Stroke: 140 mm
Displacement: 4849 cm³
Output at 1400 rpm:
26 kW (35 hp)
Top speed: 80 km/h
Price: 18,000 gold marks
 

1910 Mercedes 22/40 HP Tourer
4 cylinders
Bore: 110 mm, Stroke: 148 mm
Displacement: 5626 cm³
Output at 1230 rpm:
29 kW (40 hp)
Top speed: 80 km/h
 

 

1921 Benz 6/18 HP Sports Car
Fitted in the original version with a 1.6 liter four-cylinder engine, this open-top car was equipped with a 45 hp engine for some racing events.

Light and maneuverable, the 6/18 scored many victories.

 
4 cylinders
Bore: 68 mm, Stroke: 108 mm
Displacement: 1568 cm³
Output at 2200 rpm:
15 kW (20 hp)
Top speed: 80 km/h
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1928 Mercedes-Benz 720 SSK 27/170/225 HP Sports Car
The letters "SS" stood for "super-sport" and "K" for "kurz", German for short.

The SSK is inseparably linked with names such as Rudolf Caracciola, Manfred von Brauchitsch and Hans Stuck,

who ran up an impressive series of victories between 1929 and 1931.

In 1930, Caracciola fought his way to victory in the European Sports Car Championships in a SSK

 
6 cylinders
Bore: 100 mm, Stroke: 150 mm
Displacement: 7068 cm³
Output at 2900 rpm without supercharger:
125 kW (170 hp)
Output at 3000 rpm with supercharger:
166 kW (225 hp)
Top speed: 192 km/h
 

1928 Mercedes-Benz 260 "Stuttgart" 10/50 HP Roadster
The names of the models "Stuttgart" and "Mannheim" alluded to the merger which had taken place shortly before they came out.

They were among the last cars with the traditional chassis, consisting of U-section rails, rigid axles and semi-elliptical springs.

The "Stuttgart" was based on the 8/38 hp, although technically updated and modernized in styling.
It became the mainstay of car sales in the second half of the 1920s.

 
6 cylinders
Bore: 74 mm, Stroke: 100 mm
Displacement: 2580 cm³
Output at 3200 rpm:
37 kW (50 hp)
Top speed: 90 km/h
 

 

1929 Mercedes-Benz 460 Nürburg
With the exception of racing models, the "Nürburg" was the first car Daimler-Benz built with a straight eight-cylinder engine under the hood.

The name recalls the memorable record-breaking event in which one of these models was driven

on the Nürburgring over a distance of 20,000 km in thirteen days.

 
8 cylinders
Bore: 80 mm, Stroke: 115 mm
Displacement: 4624 cm³
Output at 3200 rpm:
59 kW (80 hp)
Top speed: 100 km/h

 

1931 Mercedes-Benz 770 "Grand Mercedes" Cabriolet F
The ''Grand Mercedes" first appeared in 1930. It was an exclusive vehicle for an elite market

and accordingly only 119 hand built models were produced.

This marine-gray Cabriolet F was built in 1931 for the German emperor Wilhelm II, who lived in Dutch exile at that time.

 
8 cylinders
Bore: 95 mm, Stroke: 135 mm
Displacement: 7655 cm³
Output at 2800 rpm:
110 kW (150 hp)
Top speed: 160 km/h
 

 

 

 

1933 Mercedes-Benz 370 S "Mannheim" Cabriolet A
In autumn 1929 Hans Nibel added a second car with a compressorless six-cylinder motor,

the Mannheim with a 3.5 litre motor (14/70 hp). Similar to the frame and build-up,

both cars´ technical outfits were altered and upvalued a number of times up to 1934.

The Mannheim (internal name W 10) was a strongly changed development of the unlucky 300, 320 and 350(W 03, W 04, W 05).

 
Four-stroke Otto motor
Bore: 82,5 mm, Stroke: 115 mm
Displacement: 3689 cm³
 

1934 Mercedes-Benz 500 K Cabriolet C
The elegantly sporting 500 K coupled performance with a high standard of comfort.

It was built between 1934 and 1936 and was followed by the even more powerful 540 K.

The production run of this series, code-named W 29, reached 760 vehicles.

 
8 cylinders
Bore: 86 mm, Stroke: 108 mm
Displacement: 5018 cm³
Output at 3400 rpm
without supercharger: 74 kW (100 hp)
with supercharger: 188 kW (160 hp)
Top speed: 160 km/h
Price: 22,000 Reichsmark
 

1935 Mercedes-Benz 150 Sportroadster
In 1935 the rear-engined models 130, 150 and 170 H extended the model range towards compact cars.

But the rear-engine design failed to win acceptance within Daimler-Benz and in 1938 production was halted.

 
4 cylinders
Bore. 72 mm, Stroke: 92 mm
Displacement: 1498 cm³
Output at 4500 rpm:
40 kW (55 hp)
Top speed: 140 km/h
Price: 6,600 Reichsmark

 

 
 
1935 Mercedes-Benz 770 "Grand Mercedes"
Pullman Limousine (Kaiser Hirohito)
Formerly the property of the Japanese Imperial family, this "Grand Mercedes" returned to Untertürkheim in September 1971.

It has dark red paintwork and bears the emblem of the Tenno on the doors.

Together with two other cars of the same model it was in regular use at the Imperial Court.

 
8 cylinders
Bore: 95 mm, Stroke: 135 mm
Displacement: 7655 cm³
Output at 2800 rpm:
110 kW (150 hp)
Top speed: approx. 130 km/h
(greatly reduced by armor plating)
 

 

 

 

1938 Mercedes-Benz 170 V Cabriolet A
The 170 V, first displayed at the 1936 Berlin Motor Show, was the successor to the six-cylinder 170 (7/32 hp),

which had appeared in 1931.

Production of the 170 V exceeded that of any other pre-war car and provided the basis

for the resumption of car production following World War II.

 
4 cylinders
Bore: 73 mm, Stroke: 100 mm
Displacement: 1697 cm³
Output:
28 kW (38 hp)
Top speed: 108 km/h
 

1951 Mercedes-Benz 170 Da Limousine
After the end of the war the motor car production with the well proven 170V (W 136) was taken up again;

though at first only delivery vans were produced, which were urgently needed at the time of reconstruction.

In May 1946 the first platform van was completed; one month later the first box-shaped delivery van.

 
Four-stroke diesel (with fuel injection)
Bore: 75 mm, Stroke: 100 mm
Displacement: 1767 cm³