세이퍼 [Safer, Morley, 1931.11.8~2016.5.19]
Safer at the LBJ Presidential Library, 2010
Morley Safer (November 8, 1931 – May 19, 2016) was a Canadian-American broadcast journalist, reporter, and correspondent for CBS News. He was best known for his long tenure on the news magazine 60 Minutes, whose cast he joined in 1970 after its second year on television. He was the longest-serving reporter on 60 Minutes, the most watched and most profitable program in television history.
During his 60-year career as a broadcast journalist, Safer received numerous awards, including twelve Emmys, such as the Lifetime Achievement Emmy from the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences, along with three Overseas Press Awards, three Peabody Awards, two Alfred I. duPont-Columbia University Awards, and the Paul White Award from the Radio-Television News Directors Association.
Jeff Fager, executive producer of 60 Minutes, said “Morley has had a brilliant career as a reporter and as one of the most significant figures in CBS News history, on our broadcast and in many of our lives. Morley’s curiosity, his sense of adventure and his superb writing, all made for exceptional work done by a remarkable man." He died a week after announcing his retirement from 60 Minutes.
Safer was born to an Austrian Jewish family in Toronto, Ontario, the son of Anna (née Cohn) and Max Safer, an upholsterer. After reading works by Ernest Hemingway, he had decided in his youth that like Hemingway, he wanted to be a foreign correspondent. He attended Harbord Collegiate Institute in Toronto, ontario, and briefly attended the University of Western ontario before he dropped out to become a newspaper reporter. He said, "I was a reporter on the street at 19 and never went to college."
Safer began his journalism career as a reporter for various newspapers in Canada (Woodstock Sentinel-Review, London Free Press, and Toronto Telegram) and England in 1955 (Reuters and Oxford Mail). Later, he joined the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) as a correspondent and producer.
International news and war correspondent
One of his first jobs with CBC was to produce CBC News Magazine in 1956, where his first on-screen appearance as a journalist was covering the Suez Crisis in Egypt. Still with the CBC, in 1961 he worked from London where he was assigned to cover major stories in Europe, North Africa and the Middle East, including the Algerian War of independence from France. Also in 1961, he was the only Western correspondent in East Berlin at the time the Communists began building the Berlin Wall.
In 1964, CBS hired Safer as a London-based correspondent, coincidentally giving him the same desk that had once been used by Edward R. Murrow. The following year, in 1965, he opened the CBS News bureau in Saigon to report on the growing military conflict in Vietnam. By 1967 he was made the CBS bureau chief in London where his news stories covered numerous global conflicts, including the Nigerian Civil War, the Arab-Israeli war of 1967, and the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968. With the help of some clandestine skills, Safer and his news team became the first U.S. journalists to report from inside Communist China, broadcast in 1967 as a Special CBS News Report, "Morley Safer's Red China Diary".
Safer's 1965 Vietnam broadcast was notable and controversial because he had followed a group of Marines to the village of Cam Ne, for what was described as a "search and destroy" mission. When the Marines arrived, they told the inhabitants to evacuate the village, which the Marines then burned down. His report was among the earliest to paint a bleak picture of the Vietnam War, showing apparently innocent civilians as victims. However, many American military and political leaders judged the story to be harmful to U.S. interests and criticized CBS News for showing it. U.S. President Lyndon Johnson reacted to this report angrily, calling CBS's president and accusing Safer and his colleagues of having undermined America's role there.
Some ex-Marines who saw Safer's story on television during the war shared President Johnson's opinion. They note that Safer never had time to be properly briefed on the operation, and was therefore not aware that four Marines had already been killed there and twenty-seven wounded. Or that the village was declared a "hot area". The author and ex-Marine, Larry Engelmann, said Safer's story was "highly sensational". He stated: "The fact is that this village had been a pretty tough village and these people had been warned repeatedly that the village would be torched if they continued to shoot at Marines... But there was none of that in Morley Safer's story." Nevertheless, after the incident was broadcast, Marines were forbidden from burning any more villages.
While reporting another story from Vietnam, Safer and two CBS cameramen were shot down in a helicopter by Vietcong ground fire, although they all escaped serious injury. Brig. Gen. Joe Stringham, who commanded a Green Beret unit with Safer reporting, commented that Safer "was all business and he reported what he saw. ...We looked at eternity right in the face a couple of times...and he was as cool as a hog on ice."
Safer received an Emmy Award in 1971 for his investigation and reporting of the Gulf of Tonkin incident. Although the war reports were consistently broadcast on television, Safer said it was the country's inability to clearly explain to the public why they were at war that became the main source of people's "disillusionment":
I've heard people say that if World War II had been televised we never would have stuck the course. That's bullshit. I think there was a pretty strong determination by most people in this country, not all, that this really was a war of survival of the most important things we hold dear, to put it in simple terms, including of our own democracy.
During his career as a war correspondent, Safer covered over nine wars. He authored the bestselling book, Flashbacks: on Returning to Vietnam. It describes his 1989 return to Vietnam and features his interviews with known and less-well-known Vietnamese people, most of them veterans of the war. His trip was the basis of a 60 Minutes show in 1989, which Safer said got a reaction of annoyance from some veterans, and a positive reaction from others.
60 Minutes reporter
"Morley was one of the most important journalists in any medium, ever. He broke ground in war reporting and made a name that will forever be synonymous with 60 Minutes. He was also a gentleman, a scholar, a great raconteur - all of those things and much more to generations of colleagues, his legion of friends, and his family, to whom all of us at CBS offer our sincerest condolences over the loss of one of CBS' and journalism's greatest treasures."
CBS Chairman and CEO-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
In 1970, CBS producer Don Hewitt asked Safer to replace Harry Reasoner on 60 Minutes, as Reasoner had just left to anchor the ABC Evening News. Hewitt had created 60 Minutes, and he was, according to Diane Sawyer, the program's "guiding, self-renewing, revitalizing genius." Safer, who had been covering the funeral of Charles de Gaulle in Paris, accepted the new position and joined 60 Minutes.
The show had by then aired for only two seasons, and Safer, who had until that time reported and traveled alone, recalls that he accepted the new position on condition that if the show failed, he would be given his old job back: "I was the new kid, with a lot of pressure, because we were trying something new. We were utterly unheard of. I was utterly a stranger to working in a head office." Until that new position, says Safer, "my staff, when I was abroad, consisted of only me."
Over the subsequent decades, along with Safer, the other veteran reporters for the program included Dan Rather, Mike Wallace, Walter Cronkite, Ed Bradley, Charles Kuralt, Diane Sawyer and Bob Simon. Reasoner had also returned to do some 60 Minutes segments before he retired.
Safer's style of interviewing was consistently done in a friendly and gentlemanly manner, which gave him the ability to ask penetrating questions that average viewers might ask. He was persistent in the pursuit of facts needed to support the accuracy of his stories. While he often added his own point of view to reports, Safer always maintained high professional standards, a style that helped establish the tone of 60 Minutes shows. He typed stories on his manual typewriter even after computers were in common use. To investigate and write his 60 Minutes stories, Safer often traveled as much as 200,000 miles a year.
Hewitt credited Safer with having a "great eye for stories", whether they were sympathetic or tough. He could write about offbeat subjects to give the show flavor, such as a piece he did in Finland about the Finns' obsession with the tango dance. Or he could write a hardcore report, such as one which helped save the life of a black man imprisoned in Texas. For that 1983 story, about Lenell Geter, a 25-year-old black aerospace engineer serving a life sentence for robbery, Safer sifted through details of the case and found factual inconsistencies and implied racial biases. After Safer's report was broadcast, Geter was subsequently released.
During his 60-year career as a broadcast journalist, Safer had received numerous awards, including twelve Emmys, such as the Lifetime Achievement Emmy from the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences in 1966. He received that award when he was only 35, although it was usually given after someone's lifetime achievement. Including his three Overseas Press Awards, three Peabody Awards, two Alfred I. duPont-Columbia University Awards, and the Paul White Award from the Radio-Television News Directors Association, Safer had won every major award given in broadcast journalism. 60 Minutes became the most-watched and most profitable program in television history.
In addition to the Gulf of Tonkin report, he also won Emmys for other 60 Minutes programs, including "Pops" (1979); "Teddy Kollek's Jerusalem" (1979); Investigative Journalism "Air Force Surgeon" (1982); and Correspondent "It Didn't Have to Happen" (1982). In 1994 he hosted a CBS News Special, One for the Road: A Conversation with Charles Kuralt and Morley Safer, which marked Kuralt's retirement from CBS.
Safer's remarks at the time of President Reagan's death brought charges of liberal bias. Safer said regarding Reagan: "I don't think history has any reason to be kind to him."
He retired after 46 years with CBS, a week before his death; by then Safer had set the record for the show's longest-serving correspondent. A few days after he retired, CBS broadcast an hour-long special, Morley Safer: A Reporter's Life
He married Jane Fearer, an anthropology student, in 1968 in London, where he was serving as bureau chief for CBS News. Their daughter, Sarah Alice Anne Safer, is a 1992 graduate of Brown University and a freelance journalist.
Safer maintained dual Canadian/American citizenship.
Safer died at his Manhattan home from pneumonia on May 19, 2016, just eight days after announcing his retirement from 60 Minutes following 46 seasons with the show. Four days prior to his death, CBS aired a special 60 Minutes episode covering Safer's 61-year journalism career. Besides his wife, he leaves a brother, a sister, a daughter, and three grandchildren.
Safer at the 64th Annual Peabody Awards
* 12-time Emmy Award winner
* 3-time Overseas Press Award winner
* 3-time George Foster Peabody Award winner
* 2-time Alfred I. duPont–Columbia University Award winner
* Winner of the Paul White Award from the Radio-Television News Directors Association (1966)
* Recipient of a Lifetime Achievement Emmy from the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences (2003)
* Received the 2003 George Polk Memorial Career Achievement Award from Long Island University
* Received the Robert F. Kennedy Journalism Awards' first prize for domestic television for his insightful report about a controversial school, "School for the Homeless"
* Named a Chevalier dans l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres by the French government in 1995
* Received Brown University's Welles Hangen Award for Superior Achievement in Journalism (1993)
* Recipient of The International Center in New York's Award of Excellence
2016.5.19 - 미국 CBS의 전설적인 방송기자 세이퍼(Safer, Morley) 별세
세이퍼 [Safer, Morley, 1931.11.8~2016.5.19]
2016.5.19 - 베트남전 참상 알린 미국 CBS 기자 몰리 세이퍼 별세
미국 CBS방송의 간판 시사 프로그램 <60분>을 47년간 진행해온 방송기자 몰리 세이퍼가 19일(현지시간) 85세를 일기로 별세했다.
세이퍼는 CBS방송 특파원으로 1960년대 베트남전의 참상을 앞장서 보도해 미국민의 베트남전쟁에 대한 의식을 반전시킨 기자였다. 1965년 8월 미 해병대가 베트남 ‘캄 네’에서 벌인 베트공 소탕 작전 현장을 담은 리포트는 20세기 저널리즘 역사에서 최고의 보도 중 하나로 꼽힌다. 이 충격적인 영상을 담은 보도는 TV 전파를 타고 미국 곳곳에 방송됐고, 미국인들은 경악했다.
캐나다 토론토에서 태어난 세이퍼는 로이터통신 영국 주재원을 지내다가 1955년 캐나다방송(CBC)의 런던특파원으로 채용되면서 방송기자를 시작했다. 9년간 일한 뒤 CBS 런던특파원이 됐고, 1965년에는 베트남 사이공지국장을 맡았다.
세이퍼는 조지 포스터 피바다상 수상 3회, 에미상 12회, 조지 포크 기념상 2회 등 수많은 상을 받았다. 그는 최근까지도 정기적으로 방송에 출연하다가 건강이 나빠지자 이달 11일 은퇴를 발표했다. CBS방송은 지난 15일 그에게 헌정하는 특별 프로그램을 방송했다. 유족으로는 부인 제인 피어러와 딸 사라가 있다.
이명희 기자 email@example.com /경향신문 2016.05.20 21:18:01
2016.5.19 - [부음] 베트남戰·중국 문화혁명 내부 취재… CBS 기자 몰리 세이퍼 별세
베트남전(戰)의 참혹한 실상을 알린 미국 CBS 방송 기자 몰리 세이퍼(85)가 19일(현지 시각) 별세했다. 미국 언론은 이날 세이퍼가 뉴욕 맨해튼 자택에서 폐렴으로 숨졌다고 보도했다.
세이퍼는 CBS 방송의 인기 시사 프로그램 '60분'에
서 46년 동안 광범위한 취재력을 보여줬다. 베트남 특파원이던 1965년, 미 해병대가 베트콩이 이미 떠난 작은 마을 '캄 네'에서 가옥을 불태우고 기관총을 난사하는 모습을 생생하게 보도해 큰 충격을 주었다. 또 미 언론 최초로 문화혁명 당시 중국 내부를 취재했다. 억울하게 종신형을 받은 건축가 레넬 게터를 석방시킨 탐사 보도 등 많은 특종 기사를 남겼다.
한경진 기자 /조선일보 2016.05.21 03:00
2016.5.19 - CBS "60분"의 전설적 방송기자 몰리 세이퍼(84) 사망
CBS의 간판 프로그램 "60분"을 47년간 지켜온 미 방송계의 전설이며, 베트남 전쟁에서 저항도 하지 않는농민들의 초가집을 지포 라이터로 불을 붙여 태워버리는 미군의 모습을 보도해 미국민의 베트남전쟁에 대한 의식을 180도 반전시켰던 대기자 몰리 세이퍼(84)가 19일(현지시간) 타계했다.
공교롭게도 CBS는 일요일인 15일 그를 기리는 "60분" 특집 프로그램을 방영한 뒤 19일에는 세이퍼의 사망사실을 발표하게 되었다. 남은 가족으로는 부인 제인 피어러와 딸 사라가 있다.
세이퍼는 61년동안의 오랜 경력을 통해 다양한 활동과 심층 보도로 백악관에서 국방부까지 모든 권력기관을 뒤흔들어 놓았던 가장 영향력있는 기자 였다. 1965년 베트남 특파원 당시의 현장 보도 외에도 1983년 억울하게 종신형을 받은 텍사스의 건축가 레넬 게터를 석방시킨 탐사보도, 적포도주가 건강에 좋다는 의학계의 설을 널리 퍼뜨려 폭발적 반응을 얻었던 일, 오리엔트 특급열차, 사회부조리와 추상미술, 전쟁의 공포에 이르기까지 거의 모든 분야에 걸친 특종기사와 시사 대담으로 대중의 큰 사랑을 받았다.
NBC뉴스 스페셜의 톰 브로코 기자는 세이퍼가 지난 13일 은퇴를 선언한지 이틀 뒤에 그를 찾아가 세이퍼와 동년배였던 언론인인 워싱턴 포스트의 벤 브레들리, "60분"의 기획 연출자 진행자였던 돈 휴이트 등에 관해 이야기했는데 이 때 세이퍼는 "위대한 기자들은 이제 다 사라졌다"고 말했다고 이메일을 통해 알렸다.
브로코는 "그렇지 않아요. 당신이 아직 우리와 함께 있으니까요"라고 말하고 병상의 그의 이마에 입을 맞췄다고 했다.
세이퍼는 시사 토크쇼 "60분"을 46년 동안 진행하면서 1970년 미공군사령관에서부터 마지막인 올 3월 덴마크의 세계적인 건축가 바르크 잉겔스( Bjarke Ingels)에 이르기까지 919명의 스토리를 세상에 전했다. 시작 당시 생긴지 2년된 무명의 프로그램을 마이크 월리스와 함께 이끌면서 방송계의 새 전설을 만들었다.
【뉴욕=AP/뉴시스】차의영 기자 /뉴시스 2016-05-20 08:01:35
- 1965년 베트남 종군기자였던 34세의 몰리 세이퍼가 지친 발을 물에 담그고 앉아있는
사진(CBS제공). 19일 타계한 그는 베트남에서 미군의 잔혹행위를 보도, 미국민의 베트남
전쟁에 대한 인식을 뒤바꿔 놓았다. 2016-05-20