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Happiest Countries in the World 2022

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역사·정치·경제·사회

2022. 3. 19.

Happiest Countries in the World 2022

 

 

Since 2002, the World Happiness Report has used statistical analysis to determine the world's happiest countries. In its 2021 update, the report concluded that Finland is the happiest country in the world. To determine the world's happiest country, researchers analyzed comprehensive Gallup polling data from 149 countries for the past three years, specifically monitoring performance in six particular categories: gross domestic product per capita, social support, healthy life expectancy, freedom to make your own life choices, generosity of the general population, and perceptions of internal and external corruption levels.

In order to properly compare each country's data, the researchers created a fictional country—christened Dystopia—filled with "the world's least-happy people." They then set Dystopia as the rock bottom value in each of the six categories and measured the scores of the real-world countries against this value. All six variables were then blended to create a single combined score for each country. Interestingly enough, the top seven happiest countries in the world for 2021 were all Northern European countries. Finland took top honors—for the fourth year in a row—with an overall score of 7.842, followed (in order) by Denmark (7.620), Switzerland (7.571), Iceland (7.554), the Netherlands (7.464), Norway (7.392), and Sweden (7.363).

 

The least happy country in the world for 2021 was Afghanistan, whose 149th-place ranking of 2.523 can be attributed in part to a low life expectancy rate and low gross domestic product rates per capita. It's worthwhile to note that the report was released before the recent Taliban takeover of Afghanistan, which will undoubtedly impact future scores in one way or another. Rounding out the bottom five are Zimbabwe (3.145), Rwanda (3.415), Botswana (3.467), and Lesotho (3.512). For the full list of all 149 countries and their rankings, scroll down to the table below. For more on the top seven—as well as an inspiring honorable mention—read on.

The Top 7 Happiest Countries in the World (plus an inspiring honorable mention) for 2021:

Finland

Finland ranks as the world's happiest country based on the 2021 report, with a score of 7.842 out of a total possible score of 10. The report writers credited the citizens of Finland's strong feelings of communal support and mutual trust with not only helping secure the #1 ranking, but (more importantly) helping the country as a whole navigate the COVID-19 pandemic. Additionally, Finlanders felt strongly that they were free to make their own choices, and showed minimal suspicion of government corruption. Both of these factors are strong contributors to overall happiness.

Denmark

The second-happiest country in the world is Denmark, which scores 7.620. Denmark's values for each of the six variables are quite comparable to those of Finland. In fact, Denmark even outscored the leader in multiple categories, including GDP per capita, generosity, and perceived lack of corruption, demonstrating that it may claim the top spot sometime in the near future.

Switzerland

As the third-happiest country in the world, Switzerland scored a total of 7.571 out of 10. In general, the Swiss are very healthy, with one of the world's lowest obesity rates and a long life expectancy. The Swiss also have a very high median salary, about 75% higher than that of the United States, and the highest GDP per capita in the top seven. Additionally, there is a strong sense of community in Switzerland and a firm belief that it is a safe and clean country—which is statistically true. Along with Iceland and Denmark, Switzerland is one of the world's safest countries.

Iceland

Iceland ranks as 2021's fourth-happiest country in the entire world, with a total score of 7.554. Of the top seven happiest countries around the globe, Iceland has the highest feeling of social support (higher even than Finland, Norway, and Denmark, which all tied for second place). Iceland also had the second-highest generosity score in the top seven, though it's worth noting that it ranked only 11th worldwide.

Netherlands

Edging out Norway for the honor of fifth-happiest country in the world is the Netherlands (also known as Holland to many tulip lovers), with a score of 7.464. The Netherlands scored higher in the generosity category than any other top-seven country and also displayed an impressive lack of perceived corruption.

Norway

The citizens of sixth-place Norway (7.392) feel they are being well cared for by their government thanks to universal healthcare and free college tuition. Norwegians also enjoy a healthy work-life balance, working an average of 38 hours per week vs. 41.5. hours per week in the United States. Additionally, Norway has a low crime rate and a strong sense of community among its citizens—a quality it shares with many of the top seven.

Sweden

Seventh-place Sweden (7.363) ranks high, if not quite highest, in virtually every category measured. For example: Sweden has a higher lack of corruption score than all but four countries worldwide (two of which are Finland and Denmark), the fourteenth-highest GDP per capita of all 149 countries measured, and the fourth-highest life expectancy in the top seven.

Honorable Mention: Bhutan

Bhutan was excluded from the 2021 report due to a technicality: Each country's scores are based upon detailed Gallup polls, but Gallup did not conduct polling in Bhutan during the required timeframe. However, the report's writers made a special effort to pay tribute to Bhutan, saying it "once again provided an inspiring example for the world about how to combine health and happiness. They made explicit use of the principles of Gross National Happiness in mobilizing the whole population in collaborative efforts to avoid even a single COVID-19 death in 2020, despite having strong international travel links." Impressive indeed. If Gallup begins polling in Bhutan, Northern Europe's hold on happiness may soon have competition.

RankCountryHappiness 2021 Happiness 20202022 Population

1 Finland 7.842 7.809 5,554,960
2 Denmark 7.62 7.646 5,834,950
3 Switzerland 7.571 7.56 8,773,637
4 Iceland 7.554 7.504 345,393
5 Netherlands 7.464 7.449 17,211,447
6 Norway 7.392 7.488 5,511,370
7 Sweden 7.363 7.353 10,218,971
8 Luxembourg 7.324 7.238 642,371
9 New Zealand 7.277 7.3 4,898,203
10 Austria 7.268 7.294 9,066,710
11 Australia 7.183 7.223 26,068,792
12 Israel 7.157 7.129 8,922,892
13 Germany 7.155 7.076 83,883,596
14 Canada 7.103 7.232 38,388,419
15 Ireland 7.085 7.129 5,020,199
16 Costa Rica 7.069 7.121 5,182,354
17 United Kingdom 7.064 7.165 68,497,907
18 Czech Republic 6.965 6.911 10,736,784
19 United States 6.951 6.94 334,805,269
20 Belgium 6.834 6.864 11,668,278
21 France 6.69 6.664 65,584,518
22 Bahrain 6.647 6.227 1,783,983
23 Malta 6.602 6.773 444,033
24 Taiwan 6.584 6.455 23,888,595
25 United Arab Emirates 6.561 6.791 10,081,785
26 Saudi Arabia 6.494 6.406 35,844,909
27 Spain 6.491 6.401 46,719,142
28 Italy 6.483 6.387 60,262,770
29 Slovenia 6.461 6.363 2,078,034
30 Guatemala 6.435 6.399 18,584,039
31 Uruguay 6.431 6.44 3,496,016
32 Singapore 6.377 6.377 5,943,546
33 Slovakia 6.331 6.281 5,460,193
34 Brazil 6.33 6.376 215,353,593
35 Mexico 6.317 6.465 131,562,772
36 Jamaica 6.309 5.89 2,985,094
37 Lithuania 6.255 6.215 2,661,708
38 Cyprus 6.223 6.159 1,223,387
39 Estonia 6.189 6.022 1,321,910
40 Panama 6.18 6.305 4,446,964
41 Uzbekistan 6.179 6.258 34,382,084
42 Chile 6.172 6.228 19,250,195
43 Poland 6.166 6.186 37,739,785
44 Kazakhstan 6.152 6.058 19,205,043
45 Romania 6.14 6.124 19,031,335
46 Kuwait 6.106 6.102 4,380,326
47 Serbia 6.078 5.778 8,653,016
48 El Salvador 6.061 6.348 6,550,389
49 Mauritius 6.049 6.101 1,274,727
50 Latvia 6.032 5.95 1,848,837
51 Colombia 6.012 6.163 51,512,762
52 Hungary 5.992 6 9,606,259
53 Thailand 5.985 5.999 70,078,203
54 Nicaragua 5.972 6.137 6,779,100
55 Japan 5.94 5.871 125,584,838
57 Portugal 5.929 5.911 10,140,570
56 Argentina 5.929 5.975 46,010,234
58 Honduras 5.919 5.953 10,221,247
59 Croatia 5.882 5.505 4,059,286
60 Philippines 5.88 6.006 112,508,994
61 South Korea 5.845 5.872 51,329,899
62 Peru 5.84 5.797 33,684,208
63 Bosnia And Herzegovina 5.813 5.674 3,249,317
64 Moldova 5.766 5.608 4,013,171
65 Ecuador 5.764 5.925 18,113,361
66 Kyrgyzstan 5.744 5.542 6,728,271
67 Greece 5.723 5.515 10,316,637
68 Bolivia 5.716 5.747 11,992,656
69 Mongolia 5.677 5.456 3,378,078
70 Paraguay 5.653 5.692 7,305,843
71 Montenegro 5.581 5.546 627,950
72 Dominican Republic 5.545 5.689 11,056,370
73 Belarus 5.534 5.54 9,432,800
75 Hong Kong 5.477 5.51 7,604,299
74 Russia 5.477 5.546 145,805,947
76 Tajikistan 5.466 5.556 9,957,464
77 Vietnam 5.411 5.353 98,953,541
78 Libya 5.41 5.489 7,040,745
79 Malaysia 5.384 5.384 33,181,072
80 Indonesia 5.345 5.286 279,134,505
81 Republic of the Congo 5.342 5.194 5,797,805
82 China 5.339 5.124 1,448,471,400
83 Ivory Coast 5.306 5.233 27,742,298
84 Armenia 5.283 4.677 2,971,966
85 Nepal 5.269 5.137 30,225,582
86 Bulgaria 5.266 5.102 6,844,597
87 Maldives 5.198 5.198 540,985
88 Azerbaijan 5.171 5.165 10,300,205
89 Cameroon 5.142 5.085 27,911,548
90 Senegal 5.132 4.981 17,653,671
91 Albania 5.117 4.883 2,866,374
92 North Macedonia 5.101 5.16 2,081,304
93 Ghana 5.088 5.148 32,395,450
94 Niger 5.074 4.91 26,083,660
95 Turkmenistan 5.066 5.119 6,201,943
96 Gambia 5.051 4.751 2,558,482
97 Benin 5.045 5.216 12,784,726
98 Laos 5.03 4.889 7,481,023
99 Bangladesh 5.025 4.833 167,885,689
100 Guinea 4.984 4.949 13,865,691
101 South Africa 4.956 4.814 60,756,135
102 Turkey 4.948 5.132 85,561,976
103 Pakistan 4.934 5.693 229,488,994
104 Morocco 4.918 5.095 37,772,756
105 Venezuela 4.892 5.053 29,266,991
106 Georgia 4.891 4.673 3,968,738
107 Algeria 4.887 5.005 45,350,148
108 Ukraine 4.875 4.561 43,192,122
109 Iraq 4.854 4.785 42,164,965
110 Gabon 4.852 4.829 2,331,533
111 Burkina Faso 4.834 4.769 22,102,838
112 Cambodia 4.83 4.848 17,168,639
113 Mozambique 4.794 4.624 33,089,461
114 Nigeria 4.759 4.724 216,746,934
115 Mali 4.723 4.729 21,473,764
116 Iran 4.721 4.672 86,022,837
117 Uganda 4.636 4.432 48,432,863
118 Liberia 4.625 4.558 5,305,117
119 Kenya 4.607 4.583 56,215,221
120 Tunisia 4.596 4.392 12,046,656
121 Lebanon 4.584 4.772 6,684,849
122 Namibia 4.574 4.571 2,633,874
123 Myanmar 4.426 4.308 55,227,143
124 Jordan 4.395 4.633 10,300,869
125 Chad 4.355 4.423 17,413,580
126 Sri Lanka 4.325 4.327 21,575,842
127 Eswatini 4.308 4.308 1,184,817
128 Comoros 4.289 4.289 907,419
129 Egypt 4.283 4.151 106,156,692
130 Ethiopia 4.275 4.186 120,812,698
131 Mauritania 4.227 4.375 4,901,981
132 Madagascar 4.208 4.166 29,178,077
133 Togo 4.107 4.187 8,680,837
134 Zambia 4.073 3.759 19,470,234
135 Sierra Leone 3.849 3.926 8,306,436
136 India 3.819 3.573 1,406,631,776
137 Burundi 3.775 3.775 12,624,840
138 Yemen 3.658 3.527 31,154,867
139 Tanzania 3.623 3.476 63,298,550
140 Haiti 3.615 3.721 11,680,283
141 Malawi 3.6 3.538 20,180,839
142 Lesotho 3.512 3.653 2,175,699
143 Botswana 3.467 3.479 2,441,162
144 Rwanda 3.415 3.312 13,600,464
145 Zimbabwe 3.145 3.299 15,331,428
146 Afghanistan 2.523 2.567 40,754,388